Aim To investigate the diagnostic accuracy of dual-energy multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) with iodine quantification compared to conventional enhancement measurements in distinguishing bland from neoplastic portal vein thrombosis in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. Material and methods Thirty-four patients (26 men, eight women; mean age, 62 years) with hepatocellular carcinoma and portal vein thrombosis underwent contrast-enhanced dual-energy MDCT during the late hepatic arterial phase for the assessment of portal thrombosis (bland, n=21; neoplastic, n=13). Datasets were analysed separately by two different readers. Interobserver correlation and variability were calculated and compared with the Bland–Altman method. Diagnostic accuracy of conventional enhancement measurements and iodine quantification was calculated by setting either histopathology (n=7) or a reference standard based on MDCT imaging criteria and thrombus evolutionary characteristics compared to a previous MDCT examination (n=27). For iodine quantification threshold determination receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were drawn. p-Values <0.05 were considered significant. Results For conventional enhancement measurements and iodine quantification interobserver correlation was 98% and 96%. Enhancement measurement resulted in a sensitivity of 92.3%, specificity of 85.7%, positive predictive value (PPV) of 80%, and negative predictive value (NPV) of 94.7%. An iodine concentration of 0.9 mg/ml optimised discrimination between neoplastic and bland thrombi (area under the ROC [AUC] 0.993) resulting in a sensitivity of 100%, specificity of 95.2%, PPV of 92.9%, and NPV of 100%. The overall diagnostic accuracy of iodine quantification (97%) was significantly better than conventional enhancement measurements (88.2%; p<0.001). Conclusion Compared to conventional enhancement measurements, iodine quantification improves the characterisation of portal vein thrombi during the late hepatic arterial phase in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma.

Dual-energy CT with iodine quantification in distinguishing between bland and neoplastic portal vein thrombosis in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma

ASCENTI, Giorgio
Primo
;
SOFIA, CARMELO
;
MAZZIOTTI, Silvio;SILIPIGNI, SALVATORE;D'ANGELO, TOMMASO;PERGOLIZZI, Stefano;SCRIBANO, Emanuele
Ultimo
2016-01-01

Abstract

Aim To investigate the diagnostic accuracy of dual-energy multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) with iodine quantification compared to conventional enhancement measurements in distinguishing bland from neoplastic portal vein thrombosis in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. Material and methods Thirty-four patients (26 men, eight women; mean age, 62 years) with hepatocellular carcinoma and portal vein thrombosis underwent contrast-enhanced dual-energy MDCT during the late hepatic arterial phase for the assessment of portal thrombosis (bland, n=21; neoplastic, n=13). Datasets were analysed separately by two different readers. Interobserver correlation and variability were calculated and compared with the Bland–Altman method. Diagnostic accuracy of conventional enhancement measurements and iodine quantification was calculated by setting either histopathology (n=7) or a reference standard based on MDCT imaging criteria and thrombus evolutionary characteristics compared to a previous MDCT examination (n=27). For iodine quantification threshold determination receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were drawn. p-Values <0.05 were considered significant. Results For conventional enhancement measurements and iodine quantification interobserver correlation was 98% and 96%. Enhancement measurement resulted in a sensitivity of 92.3%, specificity of 85.7%, positive predictive value (PPV) of 80%, and negative predictive value (NPV) of 94.7%. An iodine concentration of 0.9 mg/ml optimised discrimination between neoplastic and bland thrombi (area under the ROC [AUC] 0.993) resulting in a sensitivity of 100%, specificity of 95.2%, PPV of 92.9%, and NPV of 100%. The overall diagnostic accuracy of iodine quantification (97%) was significantly better than conventional enhancement measurements (88.2%; p<0.001). Conclusion Compared to conventional enhancement measurements, iodine quantification improves the characterisation of portal vein thrombi during the late hepatic arterial phase in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma.
2016
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3088630
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