The combination of conventional anticancer therapy with other treatment modalities such as photodynamic therapy (PDT) is paving the way to novel more effective treatment of solid tumors via light exposure. With this idea in mind, in this paper, nanoparticles (NPs) based on Heptakis (2-oligo(ethyleneoxide)-6-hexadecylthio-)-β-CD (SC16OH) for dual delivery of Zinc-Phthalocyanine (ZnPc) and Docetaxel (DTX) were developed pointing to their potential application as nanomedicine for the combined photodynamic and chemo-therapy of solid tumors. NPs prepared by the emulsion-solvent evaporation technique displayed a hydrodynamic diameter of ≅ 200 nm, a negative zeta potential (≅ −27 mV) and a satisfactory entrapment efficiency of both drugs at a specific mass ratio. On these bases, NPs containing DTX and ZnPc with theoretical loading of 5% and 0.2% respectively (ZnPc/DTX5-NPs) were selected for further investigations. The allocation of ZnPc and DTX into the colloid was investigated by complementary spectroscopic techniques. In particular, fluorescence emission studies showed the entrapment of ZnPc as a monomer in the carrier, with a low tendency to self-aggregate and consequently a fairly high propensity to photogenerate singlet oxygen. The interaction of SC16OH with DTX, co-entrapped with ZnPc, was elucidated by 1H NMR and 2D ROESY, which suggested the presence of the chemotherapeutic in the hydrophobic portion of SC16OH. ZnPc/DTX5-NPs were fairly stable in different biological relevant media within 24 h. Finally, in vitro potential of the nanoassembly was evaluated in HeLa cancer cells by cell viability exploring both effects of DTX and ZnPc. Overall, results suggest the suitability of NPs based on SC16OH for delivering a combination of DTX with ZnPc to cancer cells, thus inducing photodynamic and antimitotic effects.

Nanoassemblies based on Non-ionic Amphiphilic Cyclodextrin hosting Zn(II)-Phthalocyanine and Docetaxel: Design, Physicochemical Properties and Intracellular Effects

SCALA, ANGELA
Co-primo
;
SIRACUSANO, GABRIEL;PENNISI, ROSA MARIA;PIPERNO, Anna;SCIORTINO, Maria Teresa;
2016-01-01

Abstract

The combination of conventional anticancer therapy with other treatment modalities such as photodynamic therapy (PDT) is paving the way to novel more effective treatment of solid tumors via light exposure. With this idea in mind, in this paper, nanoparticles (NPs) based on Heptakis (2-oligo(ethyleneoxide)-6-hexadecylthio-)-β-CD (SC16OH) for dual delivery of Zinc-Phthalocyanine (ZnPc) and Docetaxel (DTX) were developed pointing to their potential application as nanomedicine for the combined photodynamic and chemo-therapy of solid tumors. NPs prepared by the emulsion-solvent evaporation technique displayed a hydrodynamic diameter of ≅ 200 nm, a negative zeta potential (≅ −27 mV) and a satisfactory entrapment efficiency of both drugs at a specific mass ratio. On these bases, NPs containing DTX and ZnPc with theoretical loading of 5% and 0.2% respectively (ZnPc/DTX5-NPs) were selected for further investigations. The allocation of ZnPc and DTX into the colloid was investigated by complementary spectroscopic techniques. In particular, fluorescence emission studies showed the entrapment of ZnPc as a monomer in the carrier, with a low tendency to self-aggregate and consequently a fairly high propensity to photogenerate singlet oxygen. The interaction of SC16OH with DTX, co-entrapped with ZnPc, was elucidated by 1H NMR and 2D ROESY, which suggested the presence of the chemotherapeutic in the hydrophobic portion of SC16OH. ZnPc/DTX5-NPs were fairly stable in different biological relevant media within 24 h. Finally, in vitro potential of the nanoassembly was evaluated in HeLa cancer cells by cell viability exploring both effects of DTX and ZnPc. Overall, results suggest the suitability of NPs based on SC16OH for delivering a combination of DTX with ZnPc to cancer cells, thus inducing photodynamic and antimitotic effects.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3100112
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