Cancer patients often have to deal with numerous side effects and psychological distress during chemotherapy. Research highlights that dysfunctional metacognitive beliefs are the basis for the development and maintenance of emotional disorders. The present research is a first attempt to explore how metacognitions influence anxiety and depression in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. A sample of 175 cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy completed a demographic questionnaire, the MCQ-30, and the HADS. Medical information about the stage of the disease and the history of treatment was provided. The results have shown that gender and negative beliefs explained the 61% variance for anxiety in cancer patients during chemotherapy. Age, gender, negative beliefs and cognitive self-consciousness explained the 39% variance for depression in cancer patients during chemotherapy. Gender, negative beliefs and cognitive self-consciousness explained the 58% variance for overall distress of patients during chemotherapy. Hence, specific metacognitive factors have a strong relationship with anxiety and depression in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy.

Metacognition as predictor of emotional distress in cancer patients

QUATTROPANI, MARIA CATENA;LENZO, VITTORIO;MUCCIARDI, Massimo;TOFFLE, Mary Ellen
2016-01-01

Abstract

Cancer patients often have to deal with numerous side effects and psychological distress during chemotherapy. Research highlights that dysfunctional metacognitive beliefs are the basis for the development and maintenance of emotional disorders. The present research is a first attempt to explore how metacognitions influence anxiety and depression in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. A sample of 175 cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy completed a demographic questionnaire, the MCQ-30, and the HADS. Medical information about the stage of the disease and the history of treatment was provided. The results have shown that gender and negative beliefs explained the 61% variance for anxiety in cancer patients during chemotherapy. Age, gender, negative beliefs and cognitive self-consciousness explained the 39% variance for depression in cancer patients during chemotherapy. Gender, negative beliefs and cognitive self-consciousness explained the 58% variance for overall distress of patients during chemotherapy. Hence, specific metacognitive factors have a strong relationship with anxiety and depression in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy.
2016
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3104886
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 25
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact