The study investigated the effect of partial and complete separation after weaning on circulating serotonin, tryptophan, adrenocorticotropic hormone and cortisol concentrations of foals. Twenty Anglo-Arabian colts, aged 24 weeks, were submitted to partial or complete separation from their mother at the same time. The subjects were divided in two groups on the basis of different separation programs. Foals were randomly assigned to one of two groups based on different treatments: group A was designated as partial separation and included 10 colts; group B was designated as complete separation, and included other 10 colts. The foals were evaluated 21 days before separation (T0), at 10 min before separation (T1), and 30 min (T2), 24 h (T3), 48 h (T4), and 30 days (T5) after separation. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) showed a significant timing effect in group B for serotonin (P = 0.002), tryptophan (P < 0.0001), adrenocorticotropic hormone (P = 0.0024) and cortisol (P = 0.003) concentrations. Two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) showed a significant separation effect (P < 0.0001) in group B compared to group A, with higher tryptophan concentrations after every post-separation times (T2-T5), and higher cortisol concentrations shortly after separation times (T2-T4). A significant positive correlation between adrenocorticotropic hormone and cortisol values (r = 0.67; P < 0.05) was observed in group B at T2, T3 and T4, respectively. The results support the effects of partial and complete separation in modulating the neuroendocrine response of Anglo-Arabian foals, providing additional knowledge of serotoninergic and pituitary-adrenal involvement. These findings indicate that complete separation already at 30 min causes higher neuroendocrine responses than partial separation during weaning of foals.

Effects of partial versus complete separation after weaning on plasma serotonin, tryptophan and pituitary-adrenal pattern of Anglo-Arabian foals

BRUSCHETTA, Giuseppe
Primo
;
FAZIO, Esterina;CRAVANA, CRISTINA;FERLAZZO, Alida
Ultimo
2017-01-01

Abstract

The study investigated the effect of partial and complete separation after weaning on circulating serotonin, tryptophan, adrenocorticotropic hormone and cortisol concentrations of foals. Twenty Anglo-Arabian colts, aged 24 weeks, were submitted to partial or complete separation from their mother at the same time. The subjects were divided in two groups on the basis of different separation programs. Foals were randomly assigned to one of two groups based on different treatments: group A was designated as partial separation and included 10 colts; group B was designated as complete separation, and included other 10 colts. The foals were evaluated 21 days before separation (T0), at 10 min before separation (T1), and 30 min (T2), 24 h (T3), 48 h (T4), and 30 days (T5) after separation. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) showed a significant timing effect in group B for serotonin (P = 0.002), tryptophan (P < 0.0001), adrenocorticotropic hormone (P = 0.0024) and cortisol (P = 0.003) concentrations. Two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) showed a significant separation effect (P < 0.0001) in group B compared to group A, with higher tryptophan concentrations after every post-separation times (T2-T5), and higher cortisol concentrations shortly after separation times (T2-T4). A significant positive correlation between adrenocorticotropic hormone and cortisol values (r = 0.67; P < 0.05) was observed in group B at T2, T3 and T4, respectively. The results support the effects of partial and complete separation in modulating the neuroendocrine response of Anglo-Arabian foals, providing additional knowledge of serotoninergic and pituitary-adrenal involvement. These findings indicate that complete separation already at 30 min causes higher neuroendocrine responses than partial separation during weaning of foals.
2017
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
LivestSci2017.pdf

solo utenti autorizzati

Tipologia: Versione Editoriale (PDF)
Licenza: Tutti i diritti riservati (All rights reserved)
Dimensione 642.63 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
642.63 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3106608
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 9
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 8
social impact