Pushee weavers (Syrian Christian weavers of traditional silk cloth) have always been part and parcel of the Diyarbakır middle class. Following the events of the Ottoman Wars (1908-22), their social, political, economic and cultural life fluctuated between periods of prosperity and periods of oppression. The first great wave of migration to Diyarbakır followed the Russian occupation (1915-16). A second larger wave that was to modify the very demography of the city followed the massacres of the First World War. The migration was caused by a variety of factors, ranging from the intensive urbanization policy of the Turkish central government to economic conditions, as well as intolerance towards ethno-religious minorities in the Anatolian Peninsula as a whole. These dramatic changes had a major impact on the pushee-making industry. In addition, the urbanization that began in 1944 (coinciding with the start of the multiparty era) had two internal trajectories: the first from east to west, the second from (mostly rural) peripheral to (mostly industrial) urban areas. The latter had major implications in Diyarbakır for non-Muslim new comers who settled in the city centre and slowly moved to old Christian areas and, as a consequence, to traditional Christian occupations.

Disappearing old Christian professions in the Middle East: the case of Diyarbakır pushee-makers

MOLLICA, Marcello;
2015

Abstract

Pushee weavers (Syrian Christian weavers of traditional silk cloth) have always been part and parcel of the Diyarbakır middle class. Following the events of the Ottoman Wars (1908-22), their social, political, economic and cultural life fluctuated between periods of prosperity and periods of oppression. The first great wave of migration to Diyarbakır followed the Russian occupation (1915-16). A second larger wave that was to modify the very demography of the city followed the massacres of the First World War. The migration was caused by a variety of factors, ranging from the intensive urbanization policy of the Turkish central government to economic conditions, as well as intolerance towards ethno-religious minorities in the Anatolian Peninsula as a whole. These dramatic changes had a major impact on the pushee-making industry. In addition, the urbanization that began in 1944 (coinciding with the start of the multiparty era) had two internal trajectories: the first from east to west, the second from (mostly rural) peripheral to (mostly industrial) urban areas. The latter had major implications in Diyarbakır for non-Muslim new comers who settled in the city centre and slowly moved to old Christian areas and, as a consequence, to traditional Christian occupations.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3120317
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
social impact