The role of CuO nanoparticles decorating TiO2 nanotubes (TNT) thin film photoanodes in the behavior of photo-electrocatalytic (PEC) cells for water splitting reaction is investigated. CuO is present mainly as small nanoparticles of few nanometer decorating the internal walls of the TiO2 nanotubes. Their presence improves i) the photocurrent behavior, ii) the H2 generation rate by water splitting in a full PEC device (without application of a bias) and iii) the solar-to-hydrogen (STH) efficiency. The increase is about 20% with respect to parent TNT photoanodes using open spectrum light from a solar simulator and about 50% increase using AM 1.5G filtered light from a solar simulator. An STH efficiency over 2% in the full PEC cell is observed in the best conditions. IPCE (incident photon to current conversion efficiency) measurements clearly evidence that the presence of CuO nanoparticles induce an enhanced IPCE in the 300–340 nm region. The increase in the performances in water splitting is mainly associated to the transient generation of a p–n junction between the CuxO nanoparticles and TNT upon illumination, which enhances photocurrent density by promoting charge separation.

Role of CuO in the modification of the photocatalytic water splitting behavior of TiO2 nanotube thin films

Tavella F
Secondo
;
Genovese C;Ampelli C
;
Centi G
Penultimo
;
Perathoner S
Ultimo
2018-01-01

Abstract

The role of CuO nanoparticles decorating TiO2 nanotubes (TNT) thin film photoanodes in the behavior of photo-electrocatalytic (PEC) cells for water splitting reaction is investigated. CuO is present mainly as small nanoparticles of few nanometer decorating the internal walls of the TiO2 nanotubes. Their presence improves i) the photocurrent behavior, ii) the H2 generation rate by water splitting in a full PEC device (without application of a bias) and iii) the solar-to-hydrogen (STH) efficiency. The increase is about 20% with respect to parent TNT photoanodes using open spectrum light from a solar simulator and about 50% increase using AM 1.5G filtered light from a solar simulator. An STH efficiency over 2% in the full PEC cell is observed in the best conditions. IPCE (incident photon to current conversion efficiency) measurements clearly evidence that the presence of CuO nanoparticles induce an enhanced IPCE in the 300–340 nm region. The increase in the performances in water splitting is mainly associated to the transient generation of a p–n junction between the CuxO nanoparticles and TNT upon illumination, which enhances photocurrent density by promoting charge separation.
2018
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
1-s2.0-S0926337317309104-main.pdf

solo utenti autorizzati

Descrizione: manuscript
Tipologia: Versione Editoriale (PDF)
Licenza: Tutti i diritti riservati (All rights reserved)
Dimensione 2.78 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
2.78 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3120767
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 146
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 139
social impact