Open fjords are subject to contrasting environmental conditions, owing to meltwater glacial inputs, terrestrial runoff, and marine water mass exchanges, which are exacerbated by anthropogenic and climate perturbations. Following a slope-dependentwater circulation, the subtidal sandy sediment belt regulates the convergent transport of nutrients downward the fjord depths, and the effective entrapment of suspended particles and microorganisms. In this study, we aimed at testing how glacial and seawater inputs may influence the bacterial community structure of subtidal sand deposits in the Kongsfjorden. Through total and viable cell counting and an amplicon sequencing approach, we found relevant differences in bacterial community structure along the glacio-marine sampling transect. Viable and high nucleic acid content (HNA) cells represented an important fraction of the total community, generally decreasing toward the glacier front. Besides the predominance of Alphaand Gammaproteobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Firmicutes and Parcubacteria, the bacterial community structure was likely affected by the glacial activity in the inner fjord, with the occurrence of distinctive phylotypes belonging to Gemmatimonadates, Nitrospirae, Acidobacteria, and Chloroflexi. Overall, our outcomes highlighted that exploring the bacterial community distribution and structure can provide new insights into the active role of sand deposits in coastal cold environments.

Bacterial community structure along the subtidal sandy sediment belt of a high Arctic fjord (Kongsfjorden, Svalbard Islands)

Antonella, Conte
Primo
;
Maria, Papale
Secondo
;
Carmen, Rizzo;Emilio, De Domenico;Luigi, Michaud
Penultimo
;
Angelina, Lo Giudice
Ultimo
2018

Abstract

Open fjords are subject to contrasting environmental conditions, owing to meltwater glacial inputs, terrestrial runoff, and marine water mass exchanges, which are exacerbated by anthropogenic and climate perturbations. Following a slope-dependentwater circulation, the subtidal sandy sediment belt regulates the convergent transport of nutrients downward the fjord depths, and the effective entrapment of suspended particles and microorganisms. In this study, we aimed at testing how glacial and seawater inputs may influence the bacterial community structure of subtidal sand deposits in the Kongsfjorden. Through total and viable cell counting and an amplicon sequencing approach, we found relevant differences in bacterial community structure along the glacio-marine sampling transect. Viable and high nucleic acid content (HNA) cells represented an important fraction of the total community, generally decreasing toward the glacier front. Besides the predominance of Alphaand Gammaproteobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Firmicutes and Parcubacteria, the bacterial community structure was likely affected by the glacial activity in the inner fjord, with the occurrence of distinctive phylotypes belonging to Gemmatimonadates, Nitrospirae, Acidobacteria, and Chloroflexi. Overall, our outcomes highlighted that exploring the bacterial community distribution and structure can provide new insights into the active role of sand deposits in coastal cold environments.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
3121101.pdf

solo utenti autorizzati

Descrizione: Bacterial community structure along the subtidal sandy sediment belt of a high Arctic fjord (Kongsfjorden, Svalbard Islands)
Tipologia: Versione Editoriale (PDF)
Licenza: Tutti i diritti riservati (All rights reserved)
Dimensione 1.1 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.1 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3121101
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 6
  • Scopus 16
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 15
social impact