Photon antibunching in the light scattered by single quantum emitters is one of the hallmarks of quantum optics, providing an unequivocal demonstration of the quantized nature of the electromagnetic field. Antibunching can be intuitively understood by the need for a two-level system lying in its lower state after emitting a photon to be reexcited into the upper one before a second emission can take place. Here we show that such a picture breaks down in the ultrastrong light−matter coupling regime, when the coupling strength becomes comparable to the bare emitter frequency. Specializing to the cases of both a natural and an artificial atom, we thus show that a single emitter coupled to a photonic resonator can emit bunched light. The result presented herein is clear evidence of how the ultrastrong coupling regime is able to change the nature of individual atoms.

Cavity QED in the Ultrastrong Coupling Regime: Photon Bunching from the Emission of Individual Dressed Qubits

Garziano, Luigi
Primo
;
Ridolfo, Alessandro
Secondo
;
Savasta, Salvatore
Ultimo
2017-01-01

Abstract

Photon antibunching in the light scattered by single quantum emitters is one of the hallmarks of quantum optics, providing an unequivocal demonstration of the quantized nature of the electromagnetic field. Antibunching can be intuitively understood by the need for a two-level system lying in its lower state after emitting a photon to be reexcited into the upper one before a second emission can take place. Here we show that such a picture breaks down in the ultrastrong light−matter coupling regime, when the coupling strength becomes comparable to the bare emitter frequency. Specializing to the cases of both a natural and an artificial atom, we thus show that a single emitter coupled to a photonic resonator can emit bunched light. The result presented herein is clear evidence of how the ultrastrong coupling regime is able to change the nature of individual atoms.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3122356
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