Serglycin is expressed by a variety of cell types and mediates different functions in both normal and pathological conditions by interacting with different biological molecules, such as the CD44 receptor. Many studies suggest that serglycin has a crucial role in inflammatory response, but there are limited data on the functions of this proteoglycan in chondrocytes. In this study we investigated the effect of serglycin knockdown induced by specific serglycin small interfering RNA (SRGN siRNA) in normal mouse chondrocytes stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). LPS administration in normal chondrocytes increased the expression of serglycin mRNA and related protein and the production of the pro-inflammatory mediators TNF-alpha, IL-1beta, IL-6, iNOS and MMP-9, through NF-kB activation. In addition, a marked increased expression of CD44 after LPS stimulation was observed. Notably, the CD44 expression and the inflammatory respone were significantly reduced by SRGN siRNA treatment in LPS treated chondrocytes. Similar results were obtained in normal mouse chondrocytes exposed to LPS, using a specific blocking antibody against CD44. These results indicate that serglycin produced in LPS-induced inflammation in normal mouse chondrocytes is able to modulate inflammation by interacting with CD44 receptor, suggesting a possible key role in the cartilage inflammation.

Serglycin is involved in inflammatory response in articular mouse chondrocytes

D'Ascola, Angela
Co-primo
;
Scuruchi, Michele
Co-primo
;
Avenoso, Angela;Bruschetta, Giuseppe;Campo, Salvatore;Mandraffino, Giuseppe
Penultimo
;
Campo, Giuseppe M
Ultimo
2018-01-01

Abstract

Serglycin is expressed by a variety of cell types and mediates different functions in both normal and pathological conditions by interacting with different biological molecules, such as the CD44 receptor. Many studies suggest that serglycin has a crucial role in inflammatory response, but there are limited data on the functions of this proteoglycan in chondrocytes. In this study we investigated the effect of serglycin knockdown induced by specific serglycin small interfering RNA (SRGN siRNA) in normal mouse chondrocytes stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). LPS administration in normal chondrocytes increased the expression of serglycin mRNA and related protein and the production of the pro-inflammatory mediators TNF-alpha, IL-1beta, IL-6, iNOS and MMP-9, through NF-kB activation. In addition, a marked increased expression of CD44 after LPS stimulation was observed. Notably, the CD44 expression and the inflammatory respone were significantly reduced by SRGN siRNA treatment in LPS treated chondrocytes. Similar results were obtained in normal mouse chondrocytes exposed to LPS, using a specific blocking antibody against CD44. These results indicate that serglycin produced in LPS-induced inflammation in normal mouse chondrocytes is able to modulate inflammation by interacting with CD44 receptor, suggesting a possible key role in the cartilage inflammation.
2018
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3125599
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