This paper reports the results on the study of a set of synthesized bifunctional 3-hydroxy-4-pyridinones chelators as potential aluminium sequestering agents. They were N-functionalized with alkyl-amino, -carboxylic and –(amino-carboxylic) groups, envisaging the improvement of the Al3+ sequestering capacity, in comparison with the marketed chelating drug deferiprone. The main focus of this work was given to the assessment of their binding ability towards Al3+, which was studied by potentiometric and UV–Vis spectrophotometric measurements carried out at T = 298.15 K. The speciation models were characterized by AlpLqHr (3p+r−qz) species with different stoichiometry. Depending on ligand side-chain structures and on their thermodynamic properties, different trends of stability was found. Furthermore, the sequestering ability of the ligands towards Al3+ was investigated by the calculation of pL0.5 values at different experimental conditions. These results clearly indicate that the presence of amino-carboxylic groups in the ligands increases the sequestering ability towards Al3+. The in silico evaluation of pharmacokinetic descriptors indicated no violation to the Lipinski's rule and drug-likeness properties. Furthermore, the in vivo bioassays on a model of metal-overload mice showed for three investigated ligands a higher metal-sequestering capacity than for the chelating drug deferiprone, thus suggesting their potential interest as Al-chelating drug candidates.

Bifunctional 3-hydroxy-4-pyridinones as effective aluminium chelators: synthesis, solution equilibrium studies and in vivo evaluation

Irto, Anna
Primo
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Cardiano, Paola
Secondo
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Cigala, Rosalia Maria
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Crea, Francesco
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
De Stefano, Concetta
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Sammartano, Silvio
Penultimo
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
2018

Abstract

This paper reports the results on the study of a set of synthesized bifunctional 3-hydroxy-4-pyridinones chelators as potential aluminium sequestering agents. They were N-functionalized with alkyl-amino, -carboxylic and –(amino-carboxylic) groups, envisaging the improvement of the Al3+ sequestering capacity, in comparison with the marketed chelating drug deferiprone. The main focus of this work was given to the assessment of their binding ability towards Al3+, which was studied by potentiometric and UV–Vis spectrophotometric measurements carried out at T = 298.15 K. The speciation models were characterized by AlpLqHr (3p+r−qz) species with different stoichiometry. Depending on ligand side-chain structures and on their thermodynamic properties, different trends of stability was found. Furthermore, the sequestering ability of the ligands towards Al3+ was investigated by the calculation of pL0.5 values at different experimental conditions. These results clearly indicate that the presence of amino-carboxylic groups in the ligands increases the sequestering ability towards Al3+. The in silico evaluation of pharmacokinetic descriptors indicated no violation to the Lipinski's rule and drug-likeness properties. Furthermore, the in vivo bioassays on a model of metal-overload mice showed for three investigated ligands a higher metal-sequestering capacity than for the chelating drug deferiprone, thus suggesting their potential interest as Al-chelating drug candidates.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3127391
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