Introduction: This article includes a combined analysis of therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) studies and a review of the marketer’s data on pharmacological mechanisms. Areas covered: An article search led to the inclusion of 21 paliperidone studies in the systematic review plus 2 case reports. Paliperidone clearance was calculated from: 1) steady-state studies using concentration/dose (C/D) ratios, and 2) single-dose studies describing 24-h area under the curve calculations. The marketed extended-release formulation has 28% bioavailability. Calculated mean C/D ratios (ng/ml/mg/d) were: 1) 4.09 in 6 studies of 221 non-Korean and non-geriatric adult patients, 2) 2.59 in 2 studies of 100 Korean adult patients, and 3) 6.89 in 1 study with 15 elderly Japanese patients. The limited drug–drug interaction studies indicated that carbamazepine is a clinically relevant inducer requiring three times the dosage, and that valproate, probably an inhibitor, requires half the dosage. Renal impairment markedly decreased paliperidone elimination, and other antipsychotics should be considered. Expert Commentary: We recommend more use of: 1) paliperidone TDM in clinical practice, 2) TDM when moving from oral to long-acting paliperidone, 3) better designs for paliperidone TDM studies, 4) laboratory studies on paliperidone pharmacokinetic mechanisms, and 5) TDM studies comparing paliperidone and risperidone dosing.

A systematic review and combined analysis of therapeutic drug monitoring studies for oral paliperidone

Spina, E.;
2018-01-01

Abstract

Introduction: This article includes a combined analysis of therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) studies and a review of the marketer’s data on pharmacological mechanisms. Areas covered: An article search led to the inclusion of 21 paliperidone studies in the systematic review plus 2 case reports. Paliperidone clearance was calculated from: 1) steady-state studies using concentration/dose (C/D) ratios, and 2) single-dose studies describing 24-h area under the curve calculations. The marketed extended-release formulation has 28% bioavailability. Calculated mean C/D ratios (ng/ml/mg/d) were: 1) 4.09 in 6 studies of 221 non-Korean and non-geriatric adult patients, 2) 2.59 in 2 studies of 100 Korean adult patients, and 3) 6.89 in 1 study with 15 elderly Japanese patients. The limited drug–drug interaction studies indicated that carbamazepine is a clinically relevant inducer requiring three times the dosage, and that valproate, probably an inhibitor, requires half the dosage. Renal impairment markedly decreased paliperidone elimination, and other antipsychotics should be considered. Expert Commentary: We recommend more use of: 1) paliperidone TDM in clinical practice, 2) TDM when moving from oral to long-acting paliperidone, 3) better designs for paliperidone TDM studies, 4) laboratory studies on paliperidone pharmacokinetic mechanisms, and 5) TDM studies comparing paliperidone and risperidone dosing.
2018
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3129253
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