Hematite (-Fe2O3) is one of the most promising photoanode materials for photoelectrochemical (PEC) water splitting although great challenges hinder high performance. Silicon-doped -Fe2O3 shows improved PEC activity but the relationship among dopant content and enhanced conductivity, structure, and particle morphology is only poorly understood. Here, we present a systematic study on hydrothermally grown -Fe2O3 nanocrystals by using XRD, Raman, UV-vis spectroscopy, TEM, XPS, SQUID magnetometry, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, and photocurrent measurements. We find that the Si content controls the morphology of -Fe2O3 already at Si 5 at.% inducing a transition from nanostructures with ellipsoidal shape to nanowires. Si doping is effective in improving PEC activity in the case of Si1% at. sample, which shows a 20% photocurrent enhancement in comparison with pure -Fe2O3. On the contrary, -Fe2O3 containing Si content higher than 5 at.% presents lower PEC activity. Results are rationalized in the view of the interplay of morphological, structural, magnetic, and electronic properties in doped -Fe2O3 thus providing general guidelines for the design of efficient photoelectrodes for solar water splitting.

Shaped‐controlled silicon‐doped hematite nanostructures for enhanced PEC water splitting

Triolo, Claudia;Patane, Salvatore;
2019-01-01

Abstract

Hematite (-Fe2O3) is one of the most promising photoanode materials for photoelectrochemical (PEC) water splitting although great challenges hinder high performance. Silicon-doped -Fe2O3 shows improved PEC activity but the relationship among dopant content and enhanced conductivity, structure, and particle morphology is only poorly understood. Here, we present a systematic study on hydrothermally grown -Fe2O3 nanocrystals by using XRD, Raman, UV-vis spectroscopy, TEM, XPS, SQUID magnetometry, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, and photocurrent measurements. We find that the Si content controls the morphology of -Fe2O3 already at Si 5 at.% inducing a transition from nanostructures with ellipsoidal shape to nanowires. Si doping is effective in improving PEC activity in the case of Si1% at. sample, which shows a 20% photocurrent enhancement in comparison with pure -Fe2O3. On the contrary, -Fe2O3 containing Si content higher than 5 at.% presents lower PEC activity. Results are rationalized in the view of the interplay of morphological, structural, magnetic, and electronic properties in doped -Fe2O3 thus providing general guidelines for the design of efficient photoelectrodes for solar water splitting.
2019
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3138262
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