Hereditary transthyretin amyloidosis (hATTR) is a life-threatening multisystemic disease with sensory-motor peripheral neuropathy, cardiomyopathy and dysautonomia. Although the six-minute walk test (6MWT) is one of the most popular clinical tests to assess functional exercise capacity in cardiopulmonary and neuromuscular diseases, little is known about 6MWT in evaluating hATTR patients. A prospective single-center pilot study was performed in twenty hATTR patients, comparing 6MWT with widely used outcome measures. After 18 months, fourteen patients were re-evaluated. 6MWT performance was highly related with familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy stage and polyneuropathy disability score, and with CMT examination score, neuropathy impairment score-lower limbs and Kumamoto score. There was no correlation with compound autonomic dysfunction test, modified body mass index and numerous indices of heart dysfunction. After 18 months, familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy stage and polyneuropathy disability score systems were not able to reveal any significant change, whereas all other outcome measures significantly worsened. Among the outcome measures monitoring the neuropathic disturbances, neuropathy impairment score-lower limbs showed the highest responsiveness to change (adjusted effect size: 0.79), followed by CMT examination score (0.67), Kumamoto scale (0.65), 6MWT (0.62). 10MWT showed a very small value (0.21). Compound autonomic dysfunction test had a large value (0.91) whereas modified body mass index a small/moderate value (0.49). 6MWT is a simple and sensitive tool to monitor neuropathic involvement but not cardiac dysfunction in hATTR course.

6MWT performance correlates with peripheral neuropathy but not with cardiac involvement in patients with hereditary transthyretin amyloidosis (hATTR)

Vita, Gian Luca
Primo
;
Stancanelli, Claudia;Gentile, Luca;Barcellona, Costanza;Russo, Massimo;Di Bella, Gianluca;Vita, Giuseppe
;
Mazzeo, Anna
Ultimo
2019

Abstract

Hereditary transthyretin amyloidosis (hATTR) is a life-threatening multisystemic disease with sensory-motor peripheral neuropathy, cardiomyopathy and dysautonomia. Although the six-minute walk test (6MWT) is one of the most popular clinical tests to assess functional exercise capacity in cardiopulmonary and neuromuscular diseases, little is known about 6MWT in evaluating hATTR patients. A prospective single-center pilot study was performed in twenty hATTR patients, comparing 6MWT with widely used outcome measures. After 18 months, fourteen patients were re-evaluated. 6MWT performance was highly related with familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy stage and polyneuropathy disability score, and with CMT examination score, neuropathy impairment score-lower limbs and Kumamoto score. There was no correlation with compound autonomic dysfunction test, modified body mass index and numerous indices of heart dysfunction. After 18 months, familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy stage and polyneuropathy disability score systems were not able to reveal any significant change, whereas all other outcome measures significantly worsened. Among the outcome measures monitoring the neuropathic disturbances, neuropathy impairment score-lower limbs showed the highest responsiveness to change (adjusted effect size: 0.79), followed by CMT examination score (0.67), Kumamoto scale (0.65), 6MWT (0.62). 10MWT showed a very small value (0.21). Compound autonomic dysfunction test had a large value (0.91) whereas modified body mass index a small/moderate value (0.49). 6MWT is a simple and sensitive tool to monitor neuropathic involvement but not cardiac dysfunction in hATTR course.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3139070
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