Mistreated fish products ingestion can lead to a histaminergic illness known as Scombroid Syndrome (SS). The disease usually causes cutaneous rash, stomach cramps, nausea, vomiting, breathing disorder and further histamine-related symptoms. To date, however, SS has been disregarded among the potential triggers of acute coronary syndrome (ACS), in spite of prior published occasional case reports. In the present study we describe 3 consecutive patients presenting with signs and symptoms of ACS associated to SS. Two men and a woman with no history of CAD and food allergy were studied. Clinical characteristics, electrocardiographic presentation and outcomes are described. Non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI)-like pattern was observed in all patients. The 2 men underwent unremarkable coronary angiography, whereas the woman was just monitored at emergency department. All individuals had uneventful follow-up. The present study confirms NSTEMI-like ACS as a possible histaminergic toxic, not a true allergic, epiphenomenon of mistreated raw tuna fish ingestion, likely due to transient epicardial and/or microvascular coronary vasospasm.

Non-ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction-Like Syndrome in Scombroid Tuna Fish Poisoning

Giuseppe Ferrazzo;Giuseppe Andò;Marco Cerrito;Cesare de Gregorio
2019-01-01

Abstract

Mistreated fish products ingestion can lead to a histaminergic illness known as Scombroid Syndrome (SS). The disease usually causes cutaneous rash, stomach cramps, nausea, vomiting, breathing disorder and further histamine-related symptoms. To date, however, SS has been disregarded among the potential triggers of acute coronary syndrome (ACS), in spite of prior published occasional case reports. In the present study we describe 3 consecutive patients presenting with signs and symptoms of ACS associated to SS. Two men and a woman with no history of CAD and food allergy were studied. Clinical characteristics, electrocardiographic presentation and outcomes are described. Non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI)-like pattern was observed in all patients. The 2 men underwent unremarkable coronary angiography, whereas the woman was just monitored at emergency department. All individuals had uneventful follow-up. The present study confirms NSTEMI-like ACS as a possible histaminergic toxic, not a true allergic, epiphenomenon of mistreated raw tuna fish ingestion, likely due to transient epicardial and/or microvascular coronary vasospasm.
2019
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3139932
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