Dual energy CT (DECT) has evolved into a commonly applied imaging technique in clinical routine due to its unique post-processing opportunities for improved evaluation of all body areas. Reconstruction of virtual monoenergetic imaging (VMI) series has shown beneficial effects for both non-contrast and contrast-enhanced DECT due to the flexibility to calculate low-keV VMI reconstructions to increase contrast and iodine attenuation, or to compute high-keV VMI reconstructions to reduce beam-hardening artefacts. The goal of this review article is to explain the technical background of VMI and noise-optimized VMI+ algorithms and to give an overview of useful clinical applications of the VMI technique in DECT of various body regions.

Dual energy computed tomography virtual monoenergetic imaging: technique and clinical applications

D'Angelo, Tommaso
Primo
;
Cicero, Giuseppe;Mazziotti, Silvio;Ascenti, Giorgio;
2019

Abstract

Dual energy CT (DECT) has evolved into a commonly applied imaging technique in clinical routine due to its unique post-processing opportunities for improved evaluation of all body areas. Reconstruction of virtual monoenergetic imaging (VMI) series has shown beneficial effects for both non-contrast and contrast-enhanced DECT due to the flexibility to calculate low-keV VMI reconstructions to increase contrast and iodine attenuation, or to compute high-keV VMI reconstructions to reduce beam-hardening artefacts. The goal of this review article is to explain the technical background of VMI and noise-optimized VMI+ algorithms and to give an overview of useful clinical applications of the VMI technique in DECT of various body regions.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11570/3140028
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