Background and objective: The Pro12Ala (exon 2) and His447His (exon 6) polymorphisms of PPAR-γ, and Gly972Arg polymorphism of IRS-1 have been implicated in insulin resistance (IR) and adiposity. Our aim was to investigate the influence of these polymorphisms on metabolic features of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Methods: Fifty-three PCOS women and 26 control women underwent a clinical and biochemical evaluation, including a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test. Insulin secretion and insulin sensitivity indices were calculated. Results: Frequencies of PPAR-γ polymorphisms did not differ from those predicted by the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. Instead, the IRS-1 Gly972Arg allele was significantly more frequent in the PCOS group compared to controls. The most frequent allelic combinations were IRS1+/exon2-/exon6- (which prevailed in PCOS) and IRS-1-/exon2-/exon6- (which prevailed in controls). Among PCOS women, compared with the wild type patients, carriers of the Gly972Arg IRS-1 allele had lower E2 levels, while carriers of the Pro12Ala PPAR-γ (exon 2) allele had lower free testosterone levels. No other significant relationships were noted. When compared with the wild type, in PCOS group IR and beta-cell function were: (i) trendwise greater in carriers of the variant IRS-1 allele; (ii) trendwise lower in carriers of the variant PPAR-γ exon 6 allele; (iii) significantly lower in carriers of the variant PPAR-γ exon 2 allele. Conclusions: Our data support the protective influence of PPAR-γ-exon 2 and exon 6 variants on IR and beta cell function, whereas IRS-1 polymorphism is associated with an unfavorable metabolic profile. However, these associations do not fully explain the high metabolic risk associated with PCOS.

Influence of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ exon 2 and exon 6 and insulin receptor substrate (IRS)-1 Gly972Arg polymorphisms on insulin resistance and beta-cell function in southern mediterranean women with polycystic ovary syndrome

Giandalia, Annalisa
Primo
;
Pappalardo, Maria Angela;Russo, Giuseppina T.;Romeo, Elisabetta L.;Alibrandi, Angela;Di Bari, Flavia;Vita, Roberto
;
Cucinotta, Domenico;Benvenga, Salvatore
Ultimo
2018

Abstract

Background and objective: The Pro12Ala (exon 2) and His447His (exon 6) polymorphisms of PPAR-γ, and Gly972Arg polymorphism of IRS-1 have been implicated in insulin resistance (IR) and adiposity. Our aim was to investigate the influence of these polymorphisms on metabolic features of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Methods: Fifty-three PCOS women and 26 control women underwent a clinical and biochemical evaluation, including a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test. Insulin secretion and insulin sensitivity indices were calculated. Results: Frequencies of PPAR-γ polymorphisms did not differ from those predicted by the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. Instead, the IRS-1 Gly972Arg allele was significantly more frequent in the PCOS group compared to controls. The most frequent allelic combinations were IRS1+/exon2-/exon6- (which prevailed in PCOS) and IRS-1-/exon2-/exon6- (which prevailed in controls). Among PCOS women, compared with the wild type patients, carriers of the Gly972Arg IRS-1 allele had lower E2 levels, while carriers of the Pro12Ala PPAR-γ (exon 2) allele had lower free testosterone levels. No other significant relationships were noted. When compared with the wild type, in PCOS group IR and beta-cell function were: (i) trendwise greater in carriers of the variant IRS-1 allele; (ii) trendwise lower in carriers of the variant PPAR-γ exon 6 allele; (iii) significantly lower in carriers of the variant PPAR-γ exon 2 allele. Conclusions: Our data support the protective influence of PPAR-γ-exon 2 and exon 6 variants on IR and beta cell function, whereas IRS-1 polymorphism is associated with an unfavorable metabolic profile. However, these associations do not fully explain the high metabolic risk associated with PCOS.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3140555
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