BACKGROUND: One Anastomosis Gastric Bypass-Mini Gastric Bypass (OAGB-MGB) is rapidly gaining popularity and is currently being performed by an increasing number of bariatric surgeons worldwide. However, excessive postoperative weight loss and malnutrition still remain a major concern regarding this procedure. The aim of this observational retrospective study was to investigate whether a tailored biliopancreatic limb (BPL) length relative to small bowel length (SBL) is superior to a fixed BPL length of 200 cm in terms of weight loss results and nutritional deficiencies in morbidly obese patients 1 year following OAGB-MGB. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-four patients who underwent OAGB-MGB were divided into two consecutive groups depending on the BPL length used: fixed 200-cm BPL and tailored BPL groups. Anthropometric measurements (%EWL, TWL, %TWL) and nutritional parameters (vitamin A, vitamin D3, vitamin B12, serum iron, serum albumin, total protein) were compared between the two groups at 1-year follow-up. RESULTS: No statistically significant differences were observed between the patients in two groups in terms of %EWL, TWL, %TWL. The number of patients with deficiencies of vitamin A (p = 0.030), vitamin D3 (p = 0.020), and albumin (p = 0.030) was significantly higher in fixed 200-cm BPL group as compared with tailored BPL group, 1 year following OAGB-MGB. No statistically significant differences were seen between the patients in two groups in terms of vitamin B12, iron, and total protein deficiencies. CONCLUSION: Tailoring BPL length by bypassing about 40% of the SBL seems to be safe and effective. According to preliminary results of this study, a tailored BPL length relative to SBL is even likely to be superior to the fixed 200-cm BPL as it is associated with less nutritional deficiencies while providing similar weight loss results. Further randomized studies with larger sample sizes and longer follow-up periods are necessary to confirm the primary results of this study.

One Anastomosis Gastric Bypass–Mini Gastric Bypass with tailored biliopancreatic limb length formula relative to small bowel length: preliminary results

Komaei, Iman
Primo
;
Sarra, Federica;Lazzara, Claudio;Navarra, Giuseppe;Currò, Giuseppe
Ultimo
2019-01-01

Abstract

BACKGROUND: One Anastomosis Gastric Bypass-Mini Gastric Bypass (OAGB-MGB) is rapidly gaining popularity and is currently being performed by an increasing number of bariatric surgeons worldwide. However, excessive postoperative weight loss and malnutrition still remain a major concern regarding this procedure. The aim of this observational retrospective study was to investigate whether a tailored biliopancreatic limb (BPL) length relative to small bowel length (SBL) is superior to a fixed BPL length of 200 cm in terms of weight loss results and nutritional deficiencies in morbidly obese patients 1 year following OAGB-MGB. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-four patients who underwent OAGB-MGB were divided into two consecutive groups depending on the BPL length used: fixed 200-cm BPL and tailored BPL groups. Anthropometric measurements (%EWL, TWL, %TWL) and nutritional parameters (vitamin A, vitamin D3, vitamin B12, serum iron, serum albumin, total protein) were compared between the two groups at 1-year follow-up. RESULTS: No statistically significant differences were observed between the patients in two groups in terms of %EWL, TWL, %TWL. The number of patients with deficiencies of vitamin A (p = 0.030), vitamin D3 (p = 0.020), and albumin (p = 0.030) was significantly higher in fixed 200-cm BPL group as compared with tailored BPL group, 1 year following OAGB-MGB. No statistically significant differences were seen between the patients in two groups in terms of vitamin B12, iron, and total protein deficiencies. CONCLUSION: Tailoring BPL length by bypassing about 40% of the SBL seems to be safe and effective. According to preliminary results of this study, a tailored BPL length relative to SBL is even likely to be superior to the fixed 200-cm BPL as it is associated with less nutritional deficiencies while providing similar weight loss results. Further randomized studies with larger sample sizes and longer follow-up periods are necessary to confirm the primary results of this study.
2019
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3142012
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