Background: Advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) and their cell receptor (RAGE) are involved in the pathophysiology of cardio-metabolic diseases. Interaction of AGEs with RAGE results in increased generation of oxygen radicals and pro-inflammatory cytokines. Circulating soluble RAGE (sRAGE) interacts with AGEs in order to counterbalance the negative effects of AGEs-RAGE interaction. Objectives: To define factors influencing AGEs, sRAGE, AGEs/sRAGE-ratio, and advanced oxidation-protein products (AOPPs) levels and to investigate changes in oxidative balance among overweight/obese children. Materials and methods: Cross-sectional, one Center, case-control study included 41 overweight and obese children aged between 5 and 16 years and 36 lean matched controls. Inclusion criteria were: BMI >= 1 SD; term birth; no genetic or endocrine causes of obesity; no associated chronic diseases neither chronic therapies. All patients underwent clinical and biochemical investigations (lipid and glucose profiles, liver, renal and thyroid function tests, uric acid, C-reactive protein (CRP), AGEs, sRAGE, and AOPPs serum concentrations). Significance was established at 0.050. Results: AOPPs, AGEs/sRAGE-ratio, HOMA-IR, triglycerides, triglycerides/HDL-ratio, total cholesterol (TC)/HDL-ratio, atherogenic-index of plasma (AIP), uric acid, CRP were significantly higher, whereas sRAGE and HDL were significantly lower in overweight/obese children than controls. sRAGE was significantly negatively correlated with BMI SD, TC/HDL-ratio, CRP, AOPPs, and positively with HDL. AGE/sRAGE-ratio and AOPPs were significantly positively correlated with BMI SD, TC/HDL-ratio, AIR CRP, and negatively with HDL. BMI SD was independently associated with AGEs/sRAGE-ratio (B = 0.06; p = 0.008), AOPPs (B = 0.13; p = 0.02), and sRAGE (B = -73.18; p = 0.000). Conclusions: We demonstrated, for the first time in a pediatric cohort, a significant higher value of AGEs/sRAGE-ratio among overweight/obese children, expression of a relative shift to oxidant from anti-oxidant factors, suggesting an AGE/RAGE-related oxidative homeostasis dysregulation that could enhance susceptibility to oxidative/inflammatory tissues damage. Severity of overweight, influencing the increase of oxidative stress in human organism and even in children, may contribute to the pathogenesis of long-term cardiovascular and metabolic alterations.

Could AGE/RAGE-related oxidative homeostasis dysregulation enhance susceptibility to pathogenesis of cardio-metabolic complications in childhood obesity?

Corica D.
Primo
;
Aversa T.;Ruggeri R. M.;Cristani M.;Alibrandi A.;Pepe G.;De Luca F.;Wasniewska M.
Ultimo
2019

Abstract

Background: Advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) and their cell receptor (RAGE) are involved in the pathophysiology of cardio-metabolic diseases. Interaction of AGEs with RAGE results in increased generation of oxygen radicals and pro-inflammatory cytokines. Circulating soluble RAGE (sRAGE) interacts with AGEs in order to counterbalance the negative effects of AGEs-RAGE interaction. Objectives: To define factors influencing AGEs, sRAGE, AGEs/sRAGE-ratio, and advanced oxidation-protein products (AOPPs) levels and to investigate changes in oxidative balance among overweight/obese children. Materials and methods: Cross-sectional, one Center, case-control study included 41 overweight and obese children aged between 5 and 16 years and 36 lean matched controls. Inclusion criteria were: BMI >= 1 SD; term birth; no genetic or endocrine causes of obesity; no associated chronic diseases neither chronic therapies. All patients underwent clinical and biochemical investigations (lipid and glucose profiles, liver, renal and thyroid function tests, uric acid, C-reactive protein (CRP), AGEs, sRAGE, and AOPPs serum concentrations). Significance was established at 0.050. Results: AOPPs, AGEs/sRAGE-ratio, HOMA-IR, triglycerides, triglycerides/HDL-ratio, total cholesterol (TC)/HDL-ratio, atherogenic-index of plasma (AIP), uric acid, CRP were significantly higher, whereas sRAGE and HDL were significantly lower in overweight/obese children than controls. sRAGE was significantly negatively correlated with BMI SD, TC/HDL-ratio, CRP, AOPPs, and positively with HDL. AGE/sRAGE-ratio and AOPPs were significantly positively correlated with BMI SD, TC/HDL-ratio, AIR CRP, and negatively with HDL. BMI SD was independently associated with AGEs/sRAGE-ratio (B = 0.06; p = 0.008), AOPPs (B = 0.13; p = 0.02), and sRAGE (B = -73.18; p = 0.000). Conclusions: We demonstrated, for the first time in a pediatric cohort, a significant higher value of AGEs/sRAGE-ratio among overweight/obese children, expression of a relative shift to oxidant from anti-oxidant factors, suggesting an AGE/RAGE-related oxidative homeostasis dysregulation that could enhance susceptibility to oxidative/inflammatory tissues damage. Severity of overweight, influencing the increase of oxidative stress in human organism and even in children, may contribute to the pathogenesis of long-term cardiovascular and metabolic alterations.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3143011
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