Stroke can cause severe brain lesions, leading to multiple cognitive, emotional and motordisorders. In fact, it is one of the main causes of death and disability worldwide, with a negative impacton quality of life for both patient and caregiver. Home automation (also known as domotics) could allowstroke patients to manage and improve their daily lives.Objective:The aim of our pilot study was to evaluate the effects of domotics on cognitive functions andpersonal/social autonomy in patients with stroke.Methods:We enrolled 40 patients affected by chronic stroke undergoing neurorehabilitation at IRCCSCentro Neurolesi (Messina, Italy), between June 2017 and March 2019. All of the patients were ran-domized into either the control group (undergoing traditional training based on face-to-face interactionbetween therapist and patient, and practical activities), or the experimental group (undergoing HomeAutomation training). Each participant was evaluated before and immediately after the training period.Each different training consisted of 3 sessions per week for eight weeks (i.e. a total of 24 sessions), eachsession lasting about 60 min. For both the conventional and experimental trainings, treatments wereperformed in groups, and all the patients were provided with the same amount of treatment.Results:Patients in the experimental group showed a greater improvement in cognitive and socialperformance, as compared to the control group.Conclusion:Our study shows that domotics could be effective in improving social and cognitive func-tioning, autonomy and functional recovery in patients affected by chronic stroke.

Effects of domotics on cognitive, social and personal functioning in patients with chronic stroke: A pilot study

Maggio MG
Primo
;
Casella C
;
Manuli A;Calabrò RS
Ultimo
2019-01-01

Abstract

Stroke can cause severe brain lesions, leading to multiple cognitive, emotional and motordisorders. In fact, it is one of the main causes of death and disability worldwide, with a negative impacton quality of life for both patient and caregiver. Home automation (also known as domotics) could allowstroke patients to manage and improve their daily lives.Objective:The aim of our pilot study was to evaluate the effects of domotics on cognitive functions andpersonal/social autonomy in patients with stroke.Methods:We enrolled 40 patients affected by chronic stroke undergoing neurorehabilitation at IRCCSCentro Neurolesi (Messina, Italy), between June 2017 and March 2019. All of the patients were ran-domized into either the control group (undergoing traditional training based on face-to-face interactionbetween therapist and patient, and practical activities), or the experimental group (undergoing HomeAutomation training). Each participant was evaluated before and immediately after the training period.Each different training consisted of 3 sessions per week for eight weeks (i.e. a total of 24 sessions), eachsession lasting about 60 min. For both the conventional and experimental trainings, treatments wereperformed in groups, and all the patients were provided with the same amount of treatment.Results:Patients in the experimental group showed a greater improvement in cognitive and socialperformance, as compared to the control group.Conclusion:Our study shows that domotics could be effective in improving social and cognitive func-tioning, autonomy and functional recovery in patients affected by chronic stroke.
2019
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3146947
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