The symptoms related to insular ischemia have been the object of several studies in patients affected by stroke, although they are often accompanied by other ischemic alteration of adjacent brain structures supplied by the middle cerebral artery (MCA). The insula is vulnerable because of an ischemia due to thromboembolic vascular occlusion of the M1 MCA segment and the 2 main MCA branches (M2), mainly when they abruptly arise from the principal stem at a right angle. This topographical and anatomical peculiarity could enable an embolic formation, especially due to atrial fibrillation (AF), to occlude the transition pathway between M1 and M2, while the proximal origin of vascular supply protects the insula from ischemia due to hemodynamic factors. The aim of the study is to characterize the clinical aspects of acute ischemic strokes as a first event in the insular territory with specific attention to atypical manifestation. We have considered 233 patients with a first event stroke involving the insular territory and 13 cases of isolated insular stroke (IIS), from the stroke registry of the Policlinico “G.Martino”, University of Messina, between the February 10, 2014 and the February 7, 2018. IIS patients showed CT/MRI lesions restricted to the insular region. Exclusion criteria were coexisting neurological diseases, structural brain lesions, extension to the subinsular area > 50% of the total infarct volume. We identified 13 IIS patients (mean age 74 years), with an isolated symptom or a combination of typical and atypical aspects. Furthermore, we observed high frequency detection of cardiac disturbances. To our knowledge, just a few previous studies have described IIS; their incidence is still not well defined. IIS manifested with a combination of deficits including motor, somatosensory, speaking, coordination, autonomic and cognitive disturbances. After an ischemic stroke, AF manifestation could follow briefly the major event and its duration could be very short, as an autonomic dysfunction due to an insular infarction. This clinical condition requires a continuous cardiac monitoring for this dangerous occurrence.

Isolated Insular Stroke:Clinical Presentation

Giammello F;Cosenza D;Casella C
;
Granata F;Dell'Aera C;
2020-01-01

Abstract

The symptoms related to insular ischemia have been the object of several studies in patients affected by stroke, although they are often accompanied by other ischemic alteration of adjacent brain structures supplied by the middle cerebral artery (MCA). The insula is vulnerable because of an ischemia due to thromboembolic vascular occlusion of the M1 MCA segment and the 2 main MCA branches (M2), mainly when they abruptly arise from the principal stem at a right angle. This topographical and anatomical peculiarity could enable an embolic formation, especially due to atrial fibrillation (AF), to occlude the transition pathway between M1 and M2, while the proximal origin of vascular supply protects the insula from ischemia due to hemodynamic factors. The aim of the study is to characterize the clinical aspects of acute ischemic strokes as a first event in the insular territory with specific attention to atypical manifestation. We have considered 233 patients with a first event stroke involving the insular territory and 13 cases of isolated insular stroke (IIS), from the stroke registry of the Policlinico “G.Martino”, University of Messina, between the February 10, 2014 and the February 7, 2018. IIS patients showed CT/MRI lesions restricted to the insular region. Exclusion criteria were coexisting neurological diseases, structural brain lesions, extension to the subinsular area > 50% of the total infarct volume. We identified 13 IIS patients (mean age 74 years), with an isolated symptom or a combination of typical and atypical aspects. Furthermore, we observed high frequency detection of cardiac disturbances. To our knowledge, just a few previous studies have described IIS; their incidence is still not well defined. IIS manifested with a combination of deficits including motor, somatosensory, speaking, coordination, autonomic and cognitive disturbances. After an ischemic stroke, AF manifestation could follow briefly the major event and its duration could be very short, as an autonomic dysfunction due to an insular infarction. This clinical condition requires a continuous cardiac monitoring for this dangerous occurrence.
2020
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3150501
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