OBJECTIVE: Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP) is characterized by exophytic, benign, and papillary lesions infected by the virus in the epithelium of the upper aerodigestive tract. RRP is caused by persistent infection of the respiratory epithelium by human papillomavirus (HPV) HPV6 and-11. The clinical course of RRP is unpredictable, frequently relapsing, and may be lifelong. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the use of intralesional Cidofovir in the treatment of RRP. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We have selected articles on the use of cidofovir as adjuvant therapy in laryngeal papillomatosis. We reviewed 20 reports that enrolled 185 patients with “adult onset recurrent respiratory papillomatosis” (AORRP) and 85 patients with “juvenile onset recurrent respiratory papillomatosis” (JORRP). We evaluated concentration of cidofovir, number of injections, injection interval, therapeutic response, side effects, and progression to dysplasia. RESULTS: The mean concentration of cidofovir was 7.5 mg/ml at injection. The mean number of injections per patient is 6 with 26 days between injections. The percentage of patients with dysplasia after use of cidofovir is 1.48%. The AORRP response to cidofovir is better with a 74% complete response rate, compared to 56.5% of the JORRP. CONCLUSIONS: Intralesion use of cidofovir has a good adjuvant action in RRP increasing the complete remission of the disease. The treatment does not increase the risk of laryngeal dysplasia.

Use of intralesional cidofovir in the recurrent respiratory papillomatosis: A review of the literature

Gazia, F.;Galletti, B.;Freni, F.;Bruno, R.;Galletti, C.;Meduri, A.;Galletti, F.
2020

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP) is characterized by exophytic, benign, and papillary lesions infected by the virus in the epithelium of the upper aerodigestive tract. RRP is caused by persistent infection of the respiratory epithelium by human papillomavirus (HPV) HPV6 and-11. The clinical course of RRP is unpredictable, frequently relapsing, and may be lifelong. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the use of intralesional Cidofovir in the treatment of RRP. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We have selected articles on the use of cidofovir as adjuvant therapy in laryngeal papillomatosis. We reviewed 20 reports that enrolled 185 patients with “adult onset recurrent respiratory papillomatosis” (AORRP) and 85 patients with “juvenile onset recurrent respiratory papillomatosis” (JORRP). We evaluated concentration of cidofovir, number of injections, injection interval, therapeutic response, side effects, and progression to dysplasia. RESULTS: The mean concentration of cidofovir was 7.5 mg/ml at injection. The mean number of injections per patient is 6 with 26 days between injections. The percentage of patients with dysplasia after use of cidofovir is 1.48%. The AORRP response to cidofovir is better with a 74% complete response rate, compared to 56.5% of the JORRP. CONCLUSIONS: Intralesion use of cidofovir has a good adjuvant action in RRP increasing the complete remission of the disease. The treatment does not increase the risk of laryngeal dysplasia.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11570/3150899
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