Food allergy is a potentially life-threatening medical condition and a significant public health concern worldwide. The current management consists of strict avoidance of the culprit food and treating any adverse reactions from unintended food ingestion. The increasing prevalence of food allergy encouraged research and clinical trials in the field of specific allergen immunotherapy (AIT) which represent an appealing approach especially in pediatric age. AIT consists in the gradual administration of growing amounts of the offending allergen in order to induce food desensitization, that is an increase in threshold for reactivity while continuing on regular exposure to the allergen. AIT can be administered through oral, sublingual, epicutaneous and subcutaneous routes. Reports on oral immunotherapy (OIT) thus far have been more extensive. The desirable goal is to achieve "post desensitization effectiveness", that is the ability to introduce food without reaction even after a period of discontinuation of the offending food. Other therapeutic approaches are being studied alongside immunotherapy such as modified proteins, probiotics, Chinese herbal supplements, biologic therapies and DNA vaccines.

The Advances in Management of Food Allergy in Children

Chiera, Fernanda;Caminiti, Lucia;Crisafulli, Giuseppe;Pajno, Giovanni Battista
2019

Abstract

Food allergy is a potentially life-threatening medical condition and a significant public health concern worldwide. The current management consists of strict avoidance of the culprit food and treating any adverse reactions from unintended food ingestion. The increasing prevalence of food allergy encouraged research and clinical trials in the field of specific allergen immunotherapy (AIT) which represent an appealing approach especially in pediatric age. AIT consists in the gradual administration of growing amounts of the offending allergen in order to induce food desensitization, that is an increase in threshold for reactivity while continuing on regular exposure to the allergen. AIT can be administered through oral, sublingual, epicutaneous and subcutaneous routes. Reports on oral immunotherapy (OIT) thus far have been more extensive. The desirable goal is to achieve "post desensitization effectiveness", that is the ability to introduce food without reaction even after a period of discontinuation of the offending food. Other therapeutic approaches are being studied alongside immunotherapy such as modified proteins, probiotics, Chinese herbal supplements, biologic therapies and DNA vaccines.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3151344
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