Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), the treatment of choice for chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), can be associated to cardiovascular (CV) adverse events (AEs). A case/non-case study was performed using AE reports registered in the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS) database to compare the risk of CV event reports related to TKIs indicated in the management of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Disproportionality of CV event-related TKIs was computed using the Reporting Odds Ratio (ROR) as a measure of potential risk increase. Nilotinib accounts for more than half of reported cases related to TKIs. Signal of Disproportionate Reporting (SDR) was found for cardiac failure, ischemic heart disease, cardiac arrhythmias, torsade de pointes/QT prolongation, hypertension, and pulmonary hypertension. Dasatinib and bosutinib were related to the highest disproportionality for cardiac failure. Nilotinib was associated with the highest SDR for ischemic heart disease, torsade de pointes/QT prolongation and cardiac arrhythmias. Only ponatinib was related to an SDR for hypertension, while dasatinib and imatinib were related to pulmonary hypertension. In the context of CML, TKIs have different safety profiles related to CV events, among which nilotinib seems particularly related to. These results claim for a revision of its CV safety profile mainly for the risk of torsade de pointes/QT prolongation.

Cardiovascular Toxicity of Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors Used in Chronic Myeloid Leukemia: An Analysis of the FDA Adverse Event Reporting System Database (FAERS)

Cirmi, Santa;Navarra, Michele
;
2020-01-01

Abstract

Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), the treatment of choice for chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), can be associated to cardiovascular (CV) adverse events (AEs). A case/non-case study was performed using AE reports registered in the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS) database to compare the risk of CV event reports related to TKIs indicated in the management of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Disproportionality of CV event-related TKIs was computed using the Reporting Odds Ratio (ROR) as a measure of potential risk increase. Nilotinib accounts for more than half of reported cases related to TKIs. Signal of Disproportionate Reporting (SDR) was found for cardiac failure, ischemic heart disease, cardiac arrhythmias, torsade de pointes/QT prolongation, hypertension, and pulmonary hypertension. Dasatinib and bosutinib were related to the highest disproportionality for cardiac failure. Nilotinib was associated with the highest SDR for ischemic heart disease, torsade de pointes/QT prolongation and cardiac arrhythmias. Only ponatinib was related to an SDR for hypertension, while dasatinib and imatinib were related to pulmonary hypertension. In the context of CML, TKIs have different safety profiles related to CV events, among which nilotinib seems particularly related to. These results claim for a revision of its CV safety profile mainly for the risk of torsade de pointes/QT prolongation.
2020
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3160182
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