During Miocene, the paleogeography of the central Mediterranean area underwent significant modifications under control of Plate Tectonics. The area here considered occupies a southern position, rougly coincident with the Calabria-Peloritan Arc (CPA), located at the intersection between the NW/SE-trending southern Apennines and the SE-trending Sicilian Maghrebides. Land mammal assemblages can profitably be used in the paleogeographic reconstructions. The late Miocene assemblages form Central Italy and Sardinia allowed the recognition of the Tusco-Sardinia bioprovince as an isular domain for the endemic character of the fauna. The same conclusion has been reached for the Apulo-Abruzzi bioprovince, considered as an island during late Miocene. The recent studies on the mammal assemblage from Cessaniti (Calabria) revealed a continental character of the fauna, probably related to a land connection to Africa. The same datum comes from the assemblages of Gravitelli, Messinian in age, and from Monte Pellegrino (indirect datum). The Calabria-Sicily area can be considered a new bioprovince in the central Mediterranean during late Miocene.

Contribution of the late Miocene mammals from Calabria and Sicily to the palaeogeography of the central Mediterranean

Marra A. C.
2019-01-01

Abstract

During Miocene, the paleogeography of the central Mediterranean area underwent significant modifications under control of Plate Tectonics. The area here considered occupies a southern position, rougly coincident with the Calabria-Peloritan Arc (CPA), located at the intersection between the NW/SE-trending southern Apennines and the SE-trending Sicilian Maghrebides. Land mammal assemblages can profitably be used in the paleogeographic reconstructions. The late Miocene assemblages form Central Italy and Sardinia allowed the recognition of the Tusco-Sardinia bioprovince as an isular domain for the endemic character of the fauna. The same conclusion has been reached for the Apulo-Abruzzi bioprovince, considered as an island during late Miocene. The recent studies on the mammal assemblage from Cessaniti (Calabria) revealed a continental character of the fauna, probably related to a land connection to Africa. The same datum comes from the assemblages of Gravitelli, Messinian in age, and from Monte Pellegrino (indirect datum). The Calabria-Sicily area can be considered a new bioprovince in the central Mediterranean during late Miocene.
2019
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3163923
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