Introduction: Late-Onset Pompe Disease (LOPD) is characterized by progressive limb-girdle muscle weakness and respiratory dysfunction. Diaphragm is the most impaired muscle in LOPD and its dysfunction cause major respiratory symptoms. The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between diaphragm thickness and mobility assessed by ultrasonography and respiratory function and muscle strength tests in patients with LOPD. Methods: 17 patients with LOPD (9 female, 47 ± 15 years) and 17 age and gender-matched healthy controls underwent spirometry, muscle strength testing, and ultrasound evaluation of diaphragm excursion and thickness. Results: The following parameters were significantly reduced in LOPD patients versus controls (all p < 0.001): forced vital capacity (FVC) in seated and supine position, maximum inspiratory and expiratory pressure (MIP and MEP), diaphragm excursion, thickness at functional residual capacity (FRC) and total lung capacity (TLC), and thickness fraction (TF). Ultrasound studies of diaphragm thickness at FRC correlated with MIP (r = 0.74; p < 0.0001) and seated FVC(r = 0.73; p < 0.05). Diaphragm thickness at TLC correlated with MIP (r = 0.85; p < 0.0001) and FVC in both seated (r = 0.77; p < 0.0001) and supine position (r = 0.68; p < 0.05). TF correlated significantly with MIP (r = 0.80; p < 0.001), FVC in both seated (r = 0.66; p < 0,005) and supine position (r = 0.61; p < 0.05). Interestingly diaphragm thickness at FRC correlated with disease duration (years) in LOPD patients (r = −0.53; p < 0,05). Ultrasound diaphragm mobility correlated with diaphragm thickness at TLC(r = 0.87; p < 0.0001), FRC (r = 0.84; p < 0.005) and TF (r = 0.73; p < 0.05). Moreover diaphragm mobility correlated with FVC in seated(r = 0.79; p < 0.005) and supine position(r = 0.74; p < 0.05) and MIP (r = 0.81; p < 0.005). Conclusion: Diaphragm ultrasonography is a simple and reproducible technique for manage respiratory dysfunction in LOPD patients.

Ultrasound assessment of diaphragm function in patients with late-onset Pompe disease

Ruggeri P.
Primo
;
Lo Monaco L.;Musumeci O.;Gaeta M.;Caramori G.;Toscano A.
Ultimo
2020-01-01

Abstract

Introduction: Late-Onset Pompe Disease (LOPD) is characterized by progressive limb-girdle muscle weakness and respiratory dysfunction. Diaphragm is the most impaired muscle in LOPD and its dysfunction cause major respiratory symptoms. The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between diaphragm thickness and mobility assessed by ultrasonography and respiratory function and muscle strength tests in patients with LOPD. Methods: 17 patients with LOPD (9 female, 47 ± 15 years) and 17 age and gender-matched healthy controls underwent spirometry, muscle strength testing, and ultrasound evaluation of diaphragm excursion and thickness. Results: The following parameters were significantly reduced in LOPD patients versus controls (all p < 0.001): forced vital capacity (FVC) in seated and supine position, maximum inspiratory and expiratory pressure (MIP and MEP), diaphragm excursion, thickness at functional residual capacity (FRC) and total lung capacity (TLC), and thickness fraction (TF). Ultrasound studies of diaphragm thickness at FRC correlated with MIP (r = 0.74; p < 0.0001) and seated FVC(r = 0.73; p < 0.05). Diaphragm thickness at TLC correlated with MIP (r = 0.85; p < 0.0001) and FVC in both seated (r = 0.77; p < 0.0001) and supine position (r = 0.68; p < 0.05). TF correlated significantly with MIP (r = 0.80; p < 0.001), FVC in both seated (r = 0.66; p < 0,005) and supine position (r = 0.61; p < 0.05). Interestingly diaphragm thickness at FRC correlated with disease duration (years) in LOPD patients (r = −0.53; p < 0,05). Ultrasound diaphragm mobility correlated with diaphragm thickness at TLC(r = 0.87; p < 0.0001), FRC (r = 0.84; p < 0.005) and TF (r = 0.73; p < 0.05). Moreover diaphragm mobility correlated with FVC in seated(r = 0.79; p < 0.005) and supine position(r = 0.74; p < 0.05) and MIP (r = 0.81; p < 0.005). Conclusion: Diaphragm ultrasonography is a simple and reproducible technique for manage respiratory dysfunction in LOPD patients.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3166134
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