Purpose: To assess the value of the noise-optimized virtual monoenergetic imaging (VMI+) technique on quantitative and qualitative image parameters in patients with hypoattenuating liver metastases from colorectal cancer (CRC) at abdominal dual-energy CT (DECT). Materials and Methods: Fifty-three consecutive patients (mean age, 70.3 ± 11.4 years; range, 44–86 years) with histologically proven, hypoattenuating liver metastases from CRC were retrospectively included in this IRB-approved study. DECT datasets were reconstructed as standard linearly-blended M_0.6 image series, traditional virtual monoenergetic images (VMI), and noise-optimized VMI+ series. VMI and VMI+ reconstructions were obtained at energy levels ranging from 40 to 100-keV with 10-keV increments. Signal attenuation of liver parenchyma and liver metastases was measured to calculate signal-to-noise (SNR) and contrast-to-noise (CNR) ratios. Each image series was subjectively rated by three blinded radiologists with regard to image quality, lesion delineation, and image noise using a five-point Likert scale. Results: Quantitative image quality parameters peaked at 40-keV VMI+ (SNR, 8.1 ± 3.4; CNR, 6.5 ± 2.6) with statistically significant differences in comparison with standard reconstructions and all traditional VMI series (P ≤ 0.001). Qualitative image analysis revealed best rating scores for 60-keV VMI+ series (median, 5) with significant differences compared to linearly-blended M_0.6 and all traditional VMI series (P ≤ 0.001). Lesion delineation showed significantly superior ratings for 40-keV VMI+ series compared to all other reconstructions (median, 5) (P ≤ 0.001). Conclusion: Low-keV VMI+ reconstructions demonstrate significantly increased quantitative and qualitative image quality parameters in patients with hypoattenuating liver metastases from CRC in comparison with standard reconstructions and traditional VMI series at abdominal DECT. Best lesion delineation can be achieved at 40-keV VMI+.

Dual-energy CT in patients with colorectal cancer: Improved assessment of hypoattenuating liver metastases using noise-optimized virtual monoenergetic imaging

D'Angelo T.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
2018

Abstract

Purpose: To assess the value of the noise-optimized virtual monoenergetic imaging (VMI+) technique on quantitative and qualitative image parameters in patients with hypoattenuating liver metastases from colorectal cancer (CRC) at abdominal dual-energy CT (DECT). Materials and Methods: Fifty-three consecutive patients (mean age, 70.3 ± 11.4 years; range, 44–86 years) with histologically proven, hypoattenuating liver metastases from CRC were retrospectively included in this IRB-approved study. DECT datasets were reconstructed as standard linearly-blended M_0.6 image series, traditional virtual monoenergetic images (VMI), and noise-optimized VMI+ series. VMI and VMI+ reconstructions were obtained at energy levels ranging from 40 to 100-keV with 10-keV increments. Signal attenuation of liver parenchyma and liver metastases was measured to calculate signal-to-noise (SNR) and contrast-to-noise (CNR) ratios. Each image series was subjectively rated by three blinded radiologists with regard to image quality, lesion delineation, and image noise using a five-point Likert scale. Results: Quantitative image quality parameters peaked at 40-keV VMI+ (SNR, 8.1 ± 3.4; CNR, 6.5 ± 2.6) with statistically significant differences in comparison with standard reconstructions and all traditional VMI series (P ≤ 0.001). Qualitative image analysis revealed best rating scores for 60-keV VMI+ series (median, 5) with significant differences compared to linearly-blended M_0.6 and all traditional VMI series (P ≤ 0.001). Lesion delineation showed significantly superior ratings for 40-keV VMI+ series compared to all other reconstructions (median, 5) (P ≤ 0.001). Conclusion: Low-keV VMI+ reconstructions demonstrate significantly increased quantitative and qualitative image quality parameters in patients with hypoattenuating liver metastases from CRC in comparison with standard reconstructions and traditional VMI series at abdominal DECT. Best lesion delineation can be achieved at 40-keV VMI+.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
DECT in patients with colorectal cancer - Improved assessment of hypoattenuating liver metastases using noise-optimized virtual monoenergetic imaging.pdf

solo utenti autorizzati

Descrizione: Articolo principale
Tipologia: Versione Editoriale (PDF)
Licenza: Tutti i diritti riservati (All rights reserved)
Dimensione 3.14 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
3.14 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11570/3166913
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 5
  • Scopus 26
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 23
social impact