Oxidative stress represents one of the principal inductors of lifestyle-related and genetic diseases. Among them, inherited retinal dystrophies, such as age-related macular degeneration and retinitis pigmentosa, are well known to be susceptible to oxidative stress. To better understand how high reactive oxygen species levels may be involved in retinal dystrophies onset and progression, we performed a whole RNA-Seq experiment. It consisted of a comparison of transcriptomes’ profiles among human retinal pigment epithelium cells exposed to the oxidant agent N-retinylidene-N-retinylethanolamine (A2E), considering two time points (3h and 6h) after the basal one. The treatment with A2E determined relevant dierences in gene expression and splicing events, involving several new pathways probably related to retinal degeneration. We found 10 dierent clusters of pathways involving dierentially expressed and dierentially alternative spliced genes and highlighted the sub- pathways which could depict a more detailed scenario determined by the oxidative-stress-induced condition. In particular, regulation and/or alterations of angiogenesis, extracellular matrix integrity, isoprenoid-mediated reactions, physiological or pathological autophagy, cell-death induction and retinal cell rescue represented the most dysregulated pathways. Our results could represent an important step towards discovery of unclear molecular mechanisms linking oxidative stress and etiopathogenesis of retinal dystrophies.

Effects of A2E-Induced Oxidative Stress on Retinal Epithelial Cells: New Insights on Differential Gene Response and Retinal Dystrophies

Luigi Donato
Conceptualization
;
Rosalia D’Angelo
Visualization
;
Simona Alibrandi
Formal Analysis
;
Carmela Rinaldi
Visualization
;
Antonina Sidoti
Supervision
;
Concetta Scimone
Software
2020

Abstract

Oxidative stress represents one of the principal inductors of lifestyle-related and genetic diseases. Among them, inherited retinal dystrophies, such as age-related macular degeneration and retinitis pigmentosa, are well known to be susceptible to oxidative stress. To better understand how high reactive oxygen species levels may be involved in retinal dystrophies onset and progression, we performed a whole RNA-Seq experiment. It consisted of a comparison of transcriptomes’ profiles among human retinal pigment epithelium cells exposed to the oxidant agent N-retinylidene-N-retinylethanolamine (A2E), considering two time points (3h and 6h) after the basal one. The treatment with A2E determined relevant dierences in gene expression and splicing events, involving several new pathways probably related to retinal degeneration. We found 10 dierent clusters of pathways involving dierentially expressed and dierentially alternative spliced genes and highlighted the sub- pathways which could depict a more detailed scenario determined by the oxidative-stress-induced condition. In particular, regulation and/or alterations of angiogenesis, extracellular matrix integrity, isoprenoid-mediated reactions, physiological or pathological autophagy, cell-death induction and retinal cell rescue represented the most dysregulated pathways. Our results could represent an important step towards discovery of unclear molecular mechanisms linking oxidative stress and etiopathogenesis of retinal dystrophies.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11570/3167651
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