Background and Objectives: Diabetes mellitus (DM) and hypertension (HT) are characterized by cell damage caused by inflammatory and metabolic mechanisms induced by alteration in reduction-oxidative status. Serum advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP) are new markers of protein damage induced by oxidative stress. We evaluated serum levels of AOPP in a cohort of patients with DM and HT, with or without renal complications, compared with a control healthy population. Materials and Methods: The study group comprised of 62 patients with type 2 DM and 56 with HT. The 62 patients affected by DM were further distinguished in 24 subjects without renal impairment, 18 with diabetic nephropathy (DN), 20 with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage 2–3 secondary to DN. The subgroup of 56 patients with primary HT comprised 26 subjects without renal complications and 30 with CKD (stage 2–3) secondary to HT. Thirty healthy controls, matched for age and sex, were recruited among blood donors. Results: Increased AOPP levels were found in DM patients compared with healthy subjects, although not significantly. This index was higher and more significant in patients with DN and CKD secondary to DN than in DM patients without nephropathy (p < 0.05) or controls (p < 0.0001). Patients with HT and with kidney impairment secondary to HT also had significantly higher AOPP serum levels than controls (p < 0.01 and p < 0.0001, respectively). There were no significant differences in mean AOPP levels among DM and HT patients. Conclusion: Our study showed that oxidative stress was higher in diabetic or hypertensive subjects than in healthy controls and, in particular, it appeared to be more severe in patients with renal complications. We suggest that the assessment of AOPP in diabetic and hypertensive patients may be important to predict the onset of renal failure and to open a new perspective on the adoption of antioxidant molecules to prevent CKD in those settings.

Association of higher advanced oxidation protein  products (AOPPs) levels in patients with diabetic  and hypertensive nephropathy

Caccamo D.
Methodology
;
Siligato R.
Investigation
;
Gembillo G.
Resources
;
Satta E.
Formal Analysis
;
Pazzano D.
Resources
;
Carucci N.
Investigation
;
Carella A.
Data Curation
;
Del Campo G.
Resources
;
Santoro D.
Ultimo
Writing – Review & Editing
2019-01-01

Abstract

Background and Objectives: Diabetes mellitus (DM) and hypertension (HT) are characterized by cell damage caused by inflammatory and metabolic mechanisms induced by alteration in reduction-oxidative status. Serum advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP) are new markers of protein damage induced by oxidative stress. We evaluated serum levels of AOPP in a cohort of patients with DM and HT, with or without renal complications, compared with a control healthy population. Materials and Methods: The study group comprised of 62 patients with type 2 DM and 56 with HT. The 62 patients affected by DM were further distinguished in 24 subjects without renal impairment, 18 with diabetic nephropathy (DN), 20 with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage 2–3 secondary to DN. The subgroup of 56 patients with primary HT comprised 26 subjects without renal complications and 30 with CKD (stage 2–3) secondary to HT. Thirty healthy controls, matched for age and sex, were recruited among blood donors. Results: Increased AOPP levels were found in DM patients compared with healthy subjects, although not significantly. This index was higher and more significant in patients with DN and CKD secondary to DN than in DM patients without nephropathy (p < 0.05) or controls (p < 0.0001). Patients with HT and with kidney impairment secondary to HT also had significantly higher AOPP serum levels than controls (p < 0.01 and p < 0.0001, respectively). There were no significant differences in mean AOPP levels among DM and HT patients. Conclusion: Our study showed that oxidative stress was higher in diabetic or hypertensive subjects than in healthy controls and, in particular, it appeared to be more severe in patients with renal complications. We suggest that the assessment of AOPP in diabetic and hypertensive patients may be important to predict the onset of renal failure and to open a new perspective on the adoption of antioxidant molecules to prevent CKD in those settings.
2019
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3170297
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