Curcumin (CUR) has shown remarkable efficacy in the treatment of skin diseases, but its effective transdermal delivery is still a major challenge and stimulates interest in the design of novel systems for CUR dispersion, preservation, and delivery facilitation to the deeper layers of the skin. The present work aimed to investigate the potential of a nanohydrogel, formed by a micellar choline-calix[4]arene amphiphile (CALIX) and CUR, in the treatment of skin diseases through an imiquimod (IMQ)-induced psoriasis model. Psoriasis plaques are associated with aberrant keratinization, abnormal distribution of tight junctions (TJs) proteins, and enhanced expression of inflammatory markers. The nanohydrogel restored the normal distribution of TJs proteins ZO1 and occludin and reduced the expression of TNF-α and inducible nitric oxide synthetase (iNOS) compared to the untreated IMQ group. The novelty lies in the calix[4]arene-based nanohydrogel as a potential new soft material for the topical skin delivery of CUR. The nanohydrogel, due to its physicochemical and mechanical properties, enhances the drug water-solubility, preserves CUR from rapid degradation, and eases the local skin administration and penetration.

Topical delivery of curcumin by choline-calix[4]arene-based nanohydrogel improves its therapeutic effect on a psoriasis mouse model

Filippone A.
Primo
;
Casili G.;Lanza M.;Ardizzone A.;Cuzzocrea S.;Esposito E.
Penultimo
;
Paterniti I.
Ultimo
2020-01-01

Abstract

Curcumin (CUR) has shown remarkable efficacy in the treatment of skin diseases, but its effective transdermal delivery is still a major challenge and stimulates interest in the design of novel systems for CUR dispersion, preservation, and delivery facilitation to the deeper layers of the skin. The present work aimed to investigate the potential of a nanohydrogel, formed by a micellar choline-calix[4]arene amphiphile (CALIX) and CUR, in the treatment of skin diseases through an imiquimod (IMQ)-induced psoriasis model. Psoriasis plaques are associated with aberrant keratinization, abnormal distribution of tight junctions (TJs) proteins, and enhanced expression of inflammatory markers. The nanohydrogel restored the normal distribution of TJs proteins ZO1 and occludin and reduced the expression of TNF-α and inducible nitric oxide synthetase (iNOS) compared to the untreated IMQ group. The novelty lies in the calix[4]arene-based nanohydrogel as a potential new soft material for the topical skin delivery of CUR. The nanohydrogel, due to its physicochemical and mechanical properties, enhances the drug water-solubility, preserves CUR from rapid degradation, and eases the local skin administration and penetration.
2020
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Descrizione: Topical Delivery of Curcumin by Choline-Calix[4]arene-Based Nanohydrogel Improves Its Therapeutic E ect on a Psoriasis Mouse Model
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3184364
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