Inherited retinal dystrophies are characterized by photoreceptor death. Oxidative stress usually occurs, increasing vision loss, and oxidative damage is often reported in retinitis pigmentosa (RP). More than 300 genes have been reported as RP causing. In contrast, choroidal neovascularization (CNV) only occasionally develops in the late stages of RP. We herein study the regulation of RP causative genes that are likely linked to CNV onset under oxidative conditions. We studied how the endogenous adduct N-retinylidene-N-retinylethanolamine (A2E) aects the expression of angiogenic markers in human retinal pigment epithelium (H-RPE) cells and a possible correlation with RP-causing genes. H-RPE cells were exposed to A2E and blue light for 3 and 6h. By transcriptome analysis, genes dierentially expressed between A2E-treated cells and untreated ones were detected. The quantification of dierential gene expression was performed by the Limma R package. Enrichment pathway analysis by the FunRich tool and gene prioritization by ToppGene allowed us to identify dysregulated genes involved in angiogenesis and linked to RP development. Two RP causative genes, AHR and ROM1, can be associated with an increased risk of CNV development. Genetic analysis of RP patients aected by CNV will confirm this hypothesis.

Expression of Pro-Angiogenic Markers Is Enhanced by Blue Light in Human RPE Cells

Concetta, Scimone
Conceptualization
;
Simona, Alibrandi
Validation
;
Rosalia, D’Angelo
Supervision
;
Antonina, Sidoti
Project Administration
;
Luigi, Donato
Writing – Review & Editing
2020

Abstract

Inherited retinal dystrophies are characterized by photoreceptor death. Oxidative stress usually occurs, increasing vision loss, and oxidative damage is often reported in retinitis pigmentosa (RP). More than 300 genes have been reported as RP causing. In contrast, choroidal neovascularization (CNV) only occasionally develops in the late stages of RP. We herein study the regulation of RP causative genes that are likely linked to CNV onset under oxidative conditions. We studied how the endogenous adduct N-retinylidene-N-retinylethanolamine (A2E) aects the expression of angiogenic markers in human retinal pigment epithelium (H-RPE) cells and a possible correlation with RP-causing genes. H-RPE cells were exposed to A2E and blue light for 3 and 6h. By transcriptome analysis, genes dierentially expressed between A2E-treated cells and untreated ones were detected. The quantification of dierential gene expression was performed by the Limma R package. Enrichment pathway analysis by the FunRich tool and gene prioritization by ToppGene allowed us to identify dysregulated genes involved in angiogenesis and linked to RP development. Two RP causative genes, AHR and ROM1, can be associated with an increased risk of CNV development. Genetic analysis of RP patients aected by CNV will confirm this hypothesis.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11570/3185784
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