Purpose: Patients affected by heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) receive clinical and functional beneficial effects from treatment with sacubitril/valsartan. However previous studies have shown that patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) could obtain even greater benefit, but only make up a only a small proportion of patients. In the current study we evaluated the effect of sacubitril/valsartan in patients with an ICD. Methods: Thirty-five outpatients with HFrEF (aged 60 ± 11 years, 28 were males), on optimal medical therapy were studied. All patients received an ICD at least 6 months before enrollment or were non-responders to ICD plus resynchronization (CRT-D). An open-label sacubitril/valsartan treatment was established at the maximum tolerated dose. Clinical assessment, 6-min walk test (6MWT) and echocardiography, were performed during follow-up at 90, 180, and 360 days. Quality of life score and perceived fatigue on exercise were assessed. Results: Clinical conditions dramatically improved in most patients, especially within the first 6 months of therapy (76 % were in NYHA-I and 24 % in NYHA-II at the end of study vs 71 % NYHA-II and 29 % NYHA III at enrollment, p < 0.001). Quality of life and exercise performance significantly improved according to N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NTproBNP) serum levels lowering. Walking distance at 6MWT increased from 274 ± 97 to 389 ± 53 m and walking speed from 0.74 ± 0.27 to 1.07 ± 0.15 m/s (p < 0.001), while oxygen saturation did not differ significantly (from 90 ± 1 % to 91 ± 2 %). More gradual was left ventricular reverse remodeling. Ejection fraction improved mildly (+ 5 points %, p < 0.001). Global longitudinal strain and diastolic function were also assessed over time. Conclusion: Sacubitril/valsartan therapy for HFrEF may lead to significant clinical and functional improvements even in patients with ICD at greater arrhythmic risk. Clinical improvement is obtained within the first 6 months of treatment while reverse remodeling needs more time.

Effects of Sacubitril/Valsartan in Patients with High Arrhythmic Risk and an ICD: A Longitudinal Study.

Matteo Casale
Primo
Investigation
;
Giulia Laterra
Investigation
;
Vittoria Vaccaro
Investigation
;
Claudia Morabito
Investigation
;
Francesco Luzza
Investigation
;
Cesare de Gregorio
Penultimo
Investigation
;
Giuseppe Dattilo
Ultimo
Investigation
2021

Abstract

Purpose: Patients affected by heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) receive clinical and functional beneficial effects from treatment with sacubitril/valsartan. However previous studies have shown that patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) could obtain even greater benefit, but only make up a only a small proportion of patients. In the current study we evaluated the effect of sacubitril/valsartan in patients with an ICD. Methods: Thirty-five outpatients with HFrEF (aged 60 ± 11 years, 28 were males), on optimal medical therapy were studied. All patients received an ICD at least 6 months before enrollment or were non-responders to ICD plus resynchronization (CRT-D). An open-label sacubitril/valsartan treatment was established at the maximum tolerated dose. Clinical assessment, 6-min walk test (6MWT) and echocardiography, were performed during follow-up at 90, 180, and 360 days. Quality of life score and perceived fatigue on exercise were assessed. Results: Clinical conditions dramatically improved in most patients, especially within the first 6 months of therapy (76 % were in NYHA-I and 24 % in NYHA-II at the end of study vs 71 % NYHA-II and 29 % NYHA III at enrollment, p < 0.001). Quality of life and exercise performance significantly improved according to N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NTproBNP) serum levels lowering. Walking distance at 6MWT increased from 274 ± 97 to 389 ± 53 m and walking speed from 0.74 ± 0.27 to 1.07 ± 0.15 m/s (p < 0.001), while oxygen saturation did not differ significantly (from 90 ± 1 % to 91 ± 2 %). More gradual was left ventricular reverse remodeling. Ejection fraction improved mildly (+ 5 points %, p < 0.001). Global longitudinal strain and diastolic function were also assessed over time. Conclusion: Sacubitril/valsartan therapy for HFrEF may lead to significant clinical and functional improvements even in patients with ICD at greater arrhythmic risk. Clinical improvement is obtained within the first 6 months of treatment while reverse remodeling needs more time.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11570/3186832
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