A new model that describes the life cycle of mosquitoes of the species Aedes aegypti, main carriers of vector-borne diseases, is proposed. The novelty is to include in the model the coexistence of two independent diffusion processes, one fast which obeys the constitutive Fick's law, the other slow which satisfies the Cattaneo evolution equation. The analysis of the corresponding ODE model shows the overall stability of the Mosquitoes-Free Equilibrium (MFE), together with the local stability of the other equilibrium point admitted by the system. Traveling wave type solutions have been investigated, providing an estimate of the minimal speed for which there are monotone waves that connect the homogeneous equilibria allowed by the system. A special section is dedicated to the analysis of the hyperbolic model obtained neglecting the fast diffusive contribution. This particular case is suitable to describe the biological process as it overcomes the paradox of infinite speed propagation, typical of parabolic systems. Several numerical simulations compare the existing models in the literature with those presented in this discussion, showing that although the generalized model is parabolic, the associated wave velocity admits upper bound represented by the speed of the waves linked to the classic parabolic model present in the published literature, so the presence of a slow flux together with a fast one slows down the speed with which a population spreads.

The coexistence of fast and slow diffusion processes in the life cycle of Aedes aegypti mosquitoes

Palumbo A.
2021

Abstract

A new model that describes the life cycle of mosquitoes of the species Aedes aegypti, main carriers of vector-borne diseases, is proposed. The novelty is to include in the model the coexistence of two independent diffusion processes, one fast which obeys the constitutive Fick's law, the other slow which satisfies the Cattaneo evolution equation. The analysis of the corresponding ODE model shows the overall stability of the Mosquitoes-Free Equilibrium (MFE), together with the local stability of the other equilibrium point admitted by the system. Traveling wave type solutions have been investigated, providing an estimate of the minimal speed for which there are monotone waves that connect the homogeneous equilibria allowed by the system. A special section is dedicated to the analysis of the hyperbolic model obtained neglecting the fast diffusive contribution. This particular case is suitable to describe the biological process as it overcomes the paradox of infinite speed propagation, typical of parabolic systems. Several numerical simulations compare the existing models in the literature with those presented in this discussion, showing that although the generalized model is parabolic, the associated wave velocity admits upper bound represented by the speed of the waves linked to the classic parabolic model present in the published literature, so the presence of a slow flux together with a fast one slows down the speed with which a population spreads.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3190190
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