A huge volume of literature data suggests that a diet rich in fruits and vegetables, mostly due to the contribution of natural polyphenols, could reduce the incidence of specific cancers. Resveratrol, epigallocatechin gallate and curcumin are among the most extensively studied polyphenols: The majority of the effects attributed to these compounds are linked to their antioxidant and anti‑inflammatory properties. The multiple mechanisms involved include the modulation of molecular events and signaling pathways associated with cell survival, proliferation, differentiation, migration, angiogenesis, hormonal activities, detoxification enzymes and immune responses. Notwithstanding their promising role in cancer prevention and treatment, polyphenols often have a poor bioavailability when administered as pure active principles, representing an important limit to their use. However, the bioavailability and thus the efficacy of these compounds can be improved by their administration in combination with other phytochemicals, with anticancer drugs or in polyphenol‑loaded nanotechnology‑based delivery systems. The possibility of combining conventional drugs with polyphenols offers very valuable advantages, such as the building of more efficient anticancer therapies with less side‑effects on the health of patients. The present review focuses on current knowledge regarding the interactions between natural polyphenols and cancer development in order to gain a clearer comprehension of the potential mechanisms through which individual foods and food components may be exploited to reduce cancer risk.

Polyphenols in cancer prevention: New insights (Review)

Briguglio, Giusi;Costa, Chiara;Pollicino, Manuela;Giambò, Federica;Catania, Stefania;Fenga, Concettina
2020

Abstract

A huge volume of literature data suggests that a diet rich in fruits and vegetables, mostly due to the contribution of natural polyphenols, could reduce the incidence of specific cancers. Resveratrol, epigallocatechin gallate and curcumin are among the most extensively studied polyphenols: The majority of the effects attributed to these compounds are linked to their antioxidant and anti‑inflammatory properties. The multiple mechanisms involved include the modulation of molecular events and signaling pathways associated with cell survival, proliferation, differentiation, migration, angiogenesis, hormonal activities, detoxification enzymes and immune responses. Notwithstanding their promising role in cancer prevention and treatment, polyphenols often have a poor bioavailability when administered as pure active principles, representing an important limit to their use. However, the bioavailability and thus the efficacy of these compounds can be improved by their administration in combination with other phytochemicals, with anticancer drugs or in polyphenol‑loaded nanotechnology‑based delivery systems. The possibility of combining conventional drugs with polyphenols offers very valuable advantages, such as the building of more efficient anticancer therapies with less side‑effects on the health of patients. The present review focuses on current knowledge regarding the interactions between natural polyphenols and cancer development in order to gain a clearer comprehension of the potential mechanisms through which individual foods and food components may be exploited to reduce cancer risk.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11570/3192256
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact