Tyrosinase is a type-3 copper protein involved in the biosynthesis of melanin pigments; therefore, the inhibition of its enzymatic activity represents a promising strategy for the treatment of hyperpigmentation-related disorders. To address this point, we previously designed a class of 4-(4-fluorobenzyl)piperazin-1-yl-based compounds, which proved to be more active inhibitors against tyrosinase from mushroom Agaricus bisporus than the positive control kojic acid. Herein, we report the synthesis of further series of 4-(4-fluorobenzyl)piperazin-1-yl analogues bearing a (hetero)aromatic fragment as key feature to improve protein affinity. The newly synthesized compounds were assayed in vitro and proved to be potent inhibitors in the low-micromolar range. The active 2-thienyl and 2-furyl derivatives were selected for further modification to allow their binding mode to be analyzed by docking studies and to give satisfactory safety profiles.

4-Fluorobenzylpiperazine-Containing Derivatives as Efficient Inhibitors of Mushroom Tyrosinase

Vittorio S.
Primo
;
Mirabile S.;Gitto R.;Rapisarda A.;Germano M. P.
Penultimo
;
De Luca L.
Ultimo
2020

Abstract

Tyrosinase is a type-3 copper protein involved in the biosynthesis of melanin pigments; therefore, the inhibition of its enzymatic activity represents a promising strategy for the treatment of hyperpigmentation-related disorders. To address this point, we previously designed a class of 4-(4-fluorobenzyl)piperazin-1-yl-based compounds, which proved to be more active inhibitors against tyrosinase from mushroom Agaricus bisporus than the positive control kojic acid. Herein, we report the synthesis of further series of 4-(4-fluorobenzyl)piperazin-1-yl analogues bearing a (hetero)aromatic fragment as key feature to improve protein affinity. The newly synthesized compounds were assayed in vitro and proved to be potent inhibitors in the low-micromolar range. The active 2-thienyl and 2-furyl derivatives were selected for further modification to allow their binding mode to be analyzed by docking studies and to give satisfactory safety profiles.
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Descrizione: 4-Fluorobenzylpiperazine-Containing Derivatives as Efficient Inhibitors of Mushroom Tyrosinase
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3203780
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