Thermochemical materials (TCM) are among the most promising systems to store high energy density for long-term energy storage. To be eligible as candidates, the materials have to fit many criteria such as complete reversibility of the reaction and cycling stability, high availability of the material at low cost, environmentally friendliness, and non-toxicity. Among the most promising TCM, the Mg(OH)2/MgO system appears worthy of attention for its properties in line with those required. In the last few decades, research focused its attention on the optimization of attractive hydroxide performance to achieve a better thermochemical response, however, often negatively affecting its energy density per unit of volume and therefore compromising its applicability on an industrial scale. In this study, pure Mg(OH)2 was developed using different synthesis procedures. Reverse deposition precipitation and deposition precipitation methods were used to obtain the investigated samples. By adding a cationic surfactant (cetyl trimethylammonium bromide), deposition precipitation Mg(OH)2 (CTAB-DP-MH) or changing the precipitating precursor (N-DP-MH), the structural, physical and morphological characteristics were tuned, and the results were compared with a commercial Mg(OH)2 sample. We identified a correlation between the TCM properties and the thermochemical behavior. In such a context, it was demonstrated that both CTAB-DP-MH and N-DP-MH improved the thermochemical performances of the storage medium concerning conversion (64 wt.% and 74 wt.% respectively) and stored and released heat (887 and 1041 kJ/kgMg(OH)2). In particular, using the innovative technique not yet investigated for thermal energy storage (TES) materials, with NaOH as precipitating precursor, N-DP-MH reached the highest stored and released heat capacity per volume unit, ~684 MJ/m3.

Tuning Mg(OH)2 structural, physical, and morphological characteristics for its optimal behavior in a thermochemical heat-storage application

Piperopoulos E.
Primo
;
Fazio M.
Secondo
;
Mastronardo E.;Milone C.
Ultimo
2021-01-01

Abstract

Thermochemical materials (TCM) are among the most promising systems to store high energy density for long-term energy storage. To be eligible as candidates, the materials have to fit many criteria such as complete reversibility of the reaction and cycling stability, high availability of the material at low cost, environmentally friendliness, and non-toxicity. Among the most promising TCM, the Mg(OH)2/MgO system appears worthy of attention for its properties in line with those required. In the last few decades, research focused its attention on the optimization of attractive hydroxide performance to achieve a better thermochemical response, however, often negatively affecting its energy density per unit of volume and therefore compromising its applicability on an industrial scale. In this study, pure Mg(OH)2 was developed using different synthesis procedures. Reverse deposition precipitation and deposition precipitation methods were used to obtain the investigated samples. By adding a cationic surfactant (cetyl trimethylammonium bromide), deposition precipitation Mg(OH)2 (CTAB-DP-MH) or changing the precipitating precursor (N-DP-MH), the structural, physical and morphological characteristics were tuned, and the results were compared with a commercial Mg(OH)2 sample. We identified a correlation between the TCM properties and the thermochemical behavior. In such a context, it was demonstrated that both CTAB-DP-MH and N-DP-MH improved the thermochemical performances of the storage medium concerning conversion (64 wt.% and 74 wt.% respectively) and stored and released heat (887 and 1041 kJ/kgMg(OH)2). In particular, using the innovative technique not yet investigated for thermal energy storage (TES) materials, with NaOH as precipitating precursor, N-DP-MH reached the highest stored and released heat capacity per volume unit, ~684 MJ/m3.
2021
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3204015
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