The aim of this study was to detect effects of bitter orange (Citrus aurantium) essential oil, commonly called neroli oil (NO) (0, 0.25, 0.50, 1, and 1.5% referred to as NO0 NO0.25, NO0. 05, NO1 and NO1.5, respectively) on growth performance output and expression levels of some growth‐related genes in the muscle tissue and some immune‐related genes in the head kidney and pathological differences in digestive system organs of common carp Cyprinus carpio. The NO0.25 group had a large improvement in growth efficiency at the end of the 60‐day feeding cycle. Real‐time PCR (Bio RAD, USA) system was used to detect variations in gene expression levels. Furthermore, NO supplementation of up to 0.25% in muscle tissue controlled the release of growth hormone (GH) and insulin‐like growth factor I (IGF‐I). Furthermore, in the NO0.25 treatment category, immune response gene levels TNF‐ɑ, IL‐8 and IL‐1ß increased in head kidney tissue. In the histological examination of the liver and intestine, there were significant differences between fish fed with N1 and N1.5 diets. This study confirms that dietary supplementation of NO up to 0.25% can improve common carp growth efficiency and increase the expression of genes (GH and IGF‐I) related to muscle growth, TNF‐ɑ, IL‐8 and IL‐1ß genes related to immune status, and liver and intestine histological status of common carp.

Effects of Essential Oil Derived from the Bitter Orange (Citrus aurantium) on Growth Performance, Histology and Gene Expression Levels in Common Carp Juveniles (Cyprinus carpio).

Francesco Fazio
Penultimo
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Vincenzo Parrino
Ultimo
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
2021-01-01

Abstract

The aim of this study was to detect effects of bitter orange (Citrus aurantium) essential oil, commonly called neroli oil (NO) (0, 0.25, 0.50, 1, and 1.5% referred to as NO0 NO0.25, NO0. 05, NO1 and NO1.5, respectively) on growth performance output and expression levels of some growth‐related genes in the muscle tissue and some immune‐related genes in the head kidney and pathological differences in digestive system organs of common carp Cyprinus carpio. The NO0.25 group had a large improvement in growth efficiency at the end of the 60‐day feeding cycle. Real‐time PCR (Bio RAD, USA) system was used to detect variations in gene expression levels. Furthermore, NO supplementation of up to 0.25% in muscle tissue controlled the release of growth hormone (GH) and insulin‐like growth factor I (IGF‐I). Furthermore, in the NO0.25 treatment category, immune response gene levels TNF‐ɑ, IL‐8 and IL‐1ß increased in head kidney tissue. In the histological examination of the liver and intestine, there were significant differences between fish fed with N1 and N1.5 diets. This study confirms that dietary supplementation of NO up to 0.25% can improve common carp growth efficiency and increase the expression of genes (GH and IGF‐I) related to muscle growth, TNF‐ɑ, IL‐8 and IL‐1ß genes related to immune status, and liver and intestine histological status of common carp.
2021
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3205128
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