Portal vein thrombosis is a pathological condition characterized by the lumen occlusion of the portal vein and its intrahepatic branches, commonly associated to chronic liver diseases. Portal vein thrombosis is often asymptomatic and discovered as an incidental finding in the follow-up of chronic hepatopathy. Imaging plays a pivotal role in the detection and characterization of portal vein thrombosis in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. Ultrasound and Color-Doppler ultrasound are usually the first-line imaging modalit iies for its detection, but they have limits related to operator-experience, patient size, meteorism and the restrained field-of view. Unenhanced cross-sectional imaging doesn't provide specific signs of portal vein thrombosis except under certain specific circumstances. Conventional contrast-enhanced imaging can depict portal vein thrombosis as an endoluminal filling defect best detected in venous phase and can differentiate between non-neoplastic and neoplastic thrombus based on the contrast enhanced uptake, but not always rule-out the malignant nature. Functional and quantitative imaging techniques and software seem to be more accurate. The purpose of this work is to provide the reader with an accurate overview focused on the main imaging features of portal vein thrombosis.

Portal vein thrombosis in patients with chronic liver diseases: From conventional to quantitative imaging

Sofia C.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Cattafi A.;Silipigni S.;Pitrone P.;Carerj M. L.;Marino M. A.;Pitrone A.;Ascenti G.
2021

Abstract

Portal vein thrombosis is a pathological condition characterized by the lumen occlusion of the portal vein and its intrahepatic branches, commonly associated to chronic liver diseases. Portal vein thrombosis is often asymptomatic and discovered as an incidental finding in the follow-up of chronic hepatopathy. Imaging plays a pivotal role in the detection and characterization of portal vein thrombosis in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. Ultrasound and Color-Doppler ultrasound are usually the first-line imaging modalit iies for its detection, but they have limits related to operator-experience, patient size, meteorism and the restrained field-of view. Unenhanced cross-sectional imaging doesn't provide specific signs of portal vein thrombosis except under certain specific circumstances. Conventional contrast-enhanced imaging can depict portal vein thrombosis as an endoluminal filling defect best detected in venous phase and can differentiate between non-neoplastic and neoplastic thrombus based on the contrast enhanced uptake, but not always rule-out the malignant nature. Functional and quantitative imaging techniques and software seem to be more accurate. The purpose of this work is to provide the reader with an accurate overview focused on the main imaging features of portal vein thrombosis.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3208558
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