Aim: Total thyroidectomy and risk-adapted 131-radioiodine therapy (RaIT) are the treatments of choice in differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) patients. The response to treatments is assessed 6–12 months after RaIT. However, thyroglobulin (Tg) values obtained just before RaIT also provide reliable informations on patients’outcome. As available data were mostly obtained in hypothyroid status, we evaluated the predictive role of preablation-Tg in patients underwent RaIT after rhTSH stimulation. Material and methods: We enrolled 299 low-to-intermediate risk DTC patients underwent rhTSH-stimulated RaIT (standard protocol). Serum Tg levels were measured before rhTSH administration (basal Tg), before RaIT (early-stimulated Tg), and 2 days after RaIT (late-stimulated Tg). The early response assessment was done 12 months after RaIT according to 2015 American Thyroid Association (2015 ATA) criteria. Results: Most patients (277/299, 92.6%) had an excellent response (ER) to RaIT, while 15/299 (5.1%) and 7/299 (2.3%) patients showed biochemical incomplete/indeterminate response or persistent structural disease, respectively. At receiver operating characteristic analysis, the optimal cutoff to predict ER was set at 1.55 (AUC = 0.792), 2.6 (AUC = 0.931), and 4.9 (AUC = 0.874) ng/mL, for basal, early-, and late-stimulated Tg, respectively. The overall sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) for basal, early-, and late-stimulated Tg were 50%, 96.7%, 93.3%, 55%, and 96.1%; 90.9%, 84.5%, 84.9%, 31.7%, and 99.1%; and 90.9%, 71.8%, 73.2%, 20.4%, and 99%, respectively. In univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis, early-stimulated Tg cutoff resulted as an independent prognostic marker for predicting ER regardless of gender, age, histotype, histological variant, tumor size, risk classification, and stage of disease. Conclusion: Early-stimulated Tg is a reliable diagnostic tool for predicting the response to primary treatment of DTC.

Early preablation rhTSH-stimulated thyroglobulin predicts outcome of differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) patients

Campenni, Alfredo
Primo
;
Ruggeri, Rosaria M.;Siracusa, Massimiliano;Comis, Alessio Danilo;Romano, Davide;Vento, Antonio;Lanzafame, Helena;Alibrandi, Angela;Baldari, Sergio;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Aim: Total thyroidectomy and risk-adapted 131-radioiodine therapy (RaIT) are the treatments of choice in differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) patients. The response to treatments is assessed 6–12 months after RaIT. However, thyroglobulin (Tg) values obtained just before RaIT also provide reliable informations on patients’outcome. As available data were mostly obtained in hypothyroid status, we evaluated the predictive role of preablation-Tg in patients underwent RaIT after rhTSH stimulation. Material and methods: We enrolled 299 low-to-intermediate risk DTC patients underwent rhTSH-stimulated RaIT (standard protocol). Serum Tg levels were measured before rhTSH administration (basal Tg), before RaIT (early-stimulated Tg), and 2 days after RaIT (late-stimulated Tg). The early response assessment was done 12 months after RaIT according to 2015 American Thyroid Association (2015 ATA) criteria. Results: Most patients (277/299, 92.6%) had an excellent response (ER) to RaIT, while 15/299 (5.1%) and 7/299 (2.3%) patients showed biochemical incomplete/indeterminate response or persistent structural disease, respectively. At receiver operating characteristic analysis, the optimal cutoff to predict ER was set at 1.55 (AUC = 0.792), 2.6 (AUC = 0.931), and 4.9 (AUC = 0.874) ng/mL, for basal, early-, and late-stimulated Tg, respectively. The overall sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) for basal, early-, and late-stimulated Tg were 50%, 96.7%, 93.3%, 55%, and 96.1%; 90.9%, 84.5%, 84.9%, 31.7%, and 99.1%; and 90.9%, 71.8%, 73.2%, 20.4%, and 99%, respectively. In univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis, early-stimulated Tg cutoff resulted as an independent prognostic marker for predicting ER regardless of gender, age, histotype, histological variant, tumor size, risk classification, and stage of disease. Conclusion: Early-stimulated Tg is a reliable diagnostic tool for predicting the response to primary treatment of DTC.
2021
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3212250
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