Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder among premenopausal women. PCOS may have reproductive, metabolic, cardiovascular, and psychological implications. Vitamin D deficit is often encountered in PCOS women and may contribute to the pathophysiology of this disorder. As of the key role of vitamin D in bone and mineral metabolism, and because the vitamin D status appears to be closely linked with the PCOS manifestations includ-ing insulin resistance, obesity, ovulatory and menstrual irregularities, oxidative stress and PTH el-evation, hypovitaminosis D may directly and indirectly via the different facets of PCOS impair bone health in these women. Although limited data are available on life‐long fracture risk in women with PCOS, the importance of preserving bone health in youth and adults to prevent osteoporosis and related fractures is also recognized in PCOS women. Evidence of the association between vitamin D and the clinical hallmarks of PCOS are summarized and discussed. Vitamin D arises as a corner-stone in women with PCOS and contributes to the pathophysiological link between PCOS and bone metabolism.

Vitamin D, bone metabolism, and fracture risk in polycystic ovary syndrome

Di Bari F.;Catalano A.;Bellone F.;Martino G.;Benvenga S.
2021

Abstract

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder among premenopausal women. PCOS may have reproductive, metabolic, cardiovascular, and psychological implications. Vitamin D deficit is often encountered in PCOS women and may contribute to the pathophysiology of this disorder. As of the key role of vitamin D in bone and mineral metabolism, and because the vitamin D status appears to be closely linked with the PCOS manifestations includ-ing insulin resistance, obesity, ovulatory and menstrual irregularities, oxidative stress and PTH el-evation, hypovitaminosis D may directly and indirectly via the different facets of PCOS impair bone health in these women. Although limited data are available on life‐long fracture risk in women with PCOS, the importance of preserving bone health in youth and adults to prevent osteoporosis and related fractures is also recognized in PCOS women. Evidence of the association between vitamin D and the clinical hallmarks of PCOS are summarized and discussed. Vitamin D arises as a corner-stone in women with PCOS and contributes to the pathophysiological link between PCOS and bone metabolism.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11570/3213404
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