One of the most debated issues of the sustainability in the last century concerned the insulation layer, it placing at the center of technological innovation with a primary role in the design of the building shell; this change has generated an increasingly complex functional model. Its nature, morphology and location guided the most appropriate choice: vegetable, animal, organic or synthetic; inconsistent, panel or mat; in external, of interspace or internal position; but always looking solely at winter contribution provided in relation to energy savings. This study, expanding the look at the life cycle of thermal insulators, focused on the most controversial in terms of sustainability, those of "plastic" derivation to understand: the trends prepared by companies to reduce "from cradle to gate" the use of fossil resources, the carbon footprint, the amount of water and energy consumed; what are the resolutions adopted to respond, with a renewed "conscious" production, to the Minimum Environmental Criteria (“CAM” Italian acronym) required in the Green Public Procurement (extended by virtue of state incentives also to private construction); the opening of the production system to industry 4.0 which will require a BIM (Building Information Modelling) approach for any type of intervention. After an extensive exploration to select a sample of synthetic thermal insulators, emblematic of the recent path of sustainable innovation, three investigations were undertaken aimed at highlighting: the congruity of performance of the winter and summer thermo-hygrometric profile; compliance with “CAM” but more extensively the attestation of their bio-ecological vocation; the conception of BIM objects for immediate use in the professional field. The results, although not homogeneous, have highlighted a great ferment in the sector, with a very promising technological level of some production lines to resolve prejudices and closures towards the synthetic thermal insulators.

The synthetic thermal insulation production chain – moving towards a circular model and computerisation

Fiandaca, O.;
2022

Abstract

One of the most debated issues of the sustainability in the last century concerned the insulation layer, it placing at the center of technological innovation with a primary role in the design of the building shell; this change has generated an increasingly complex functional model. Its nature, morphology and location guided the most appropriate choice: vegetable, animal, organic or synthetic; inconsistent, panel or mat; in external, of interspace or internal position; but always looking solely at winter contribution provided in relation to energy savings. This study, expanding the look at the life cycle of thermal insulators, focused on the most controversial in terms of sustainability, those of "plastic" derivation to understand: the trends prepared by companies to reduce "from cradle to gate" the use of fossil resources, the carbon footprint, the amount of water and energy consumed; what are the resolutions adopted to respond, with a renewed "conscious" production, to the Minimum Environmental Criteria (“CAM” Italian acronym) required in the Green Public Procurement (extended by virtue of state incentives also to private construction); the opening of the production system to industry 4.0 which will require a BIM (Building Information Modelling) approach for any type of intervention. After an extensive exploration to select a sample of synthetic thermal insulators, emblematic of the recent path of sustainable innovation, three investigations were undertaken aimed at highlighting: the congruity of performance of the winter and summer thermo-hygrometric profile; compliance with “CAM” but more extensively the attestation of their bio-ecological vocation; the conception of BIM objects for immediate use in the professional field. The results, although not homogeneous, have highlighted a great ferment in the sector, with a very promising technological level of some production lines to resolve prejudices and closures towards the synthetic thermal insulators.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11570/3214596
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact