Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic, recurrent, inflammatory skin disease of the apocrine glands. It typically involves the axillary, submammary, genital, inguinal, perineal, and perianal regions. The development of abscesses, sinus tracts, and scars can lead to pain, scarring, disfigurement and decreased quality of life. HS is associated with a wide range of comorbidities. Several studies of co-occurrence of HS and nonmelanoma skin cancer suggest a causal relationship. In an attempt to assess the link between HS and cancer, we performed a systematic review of the current scientific knowledge through a PubMed-based literature search. Results show that HS could be associated with an overall risk of cancer and numerous specific cancers such as: nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC), hematologic malignancies, and metastatic cancer. Among NMSC, squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is considered the most common complication arising in long-standing HS. Based on our review, we suggest that cautious surveillance and active intervention may be warranted in patients with HS. Moreover, an age-appropriate cancer screening should be offered to all patients, especially those who developed HS later in their life or in long-standing moderate to severe HS with multiple comorbidities.

Neoplastic implications in patients suffering from hidradenitis suppurativa under systemic treatments

Li Pomi F.;Macca L.;Motolese A.;Ingrasciotta Y.;Berretta M.;Guarneri C.
2021

Abstract

Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic, recurrent, inflammatory skin disease of the apocrine glands. It typically involves the axillary, submammary, genital, inguinal, perineal, and perianal regions. The development of abscesses, sinus tracts, and scars can lead to pain, scarring, disfigurement and decreased quality of life. HS is associated with a wide range of comorbidities. Several studies of co-occurrence of HS and nonmelanoma skin cancer suggest a causal relationship. In an attempt to assess the link between HS and cancer, we performed a systematic review of the current scientific knowledge through a PubMed-based literature search. Results show that HS could be associated with an overall risk of cancer and numerous specific cancers such as: nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC), hematologic malignancies, and metastatic cancer. Among NMSC, squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is considered the most common complication arising in long-standing HS. Based on our review, we suggest that cautious surveillance and active intervention may be warranted in patients with HS. Moreover, an age-appropriate cancer screening should be offered to all patients, especially those who developed HS later in their life or in long-standing moderate to severe HS with multiple comorbidities.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3215861
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 2
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 3
social impact