Hypergroups can be subdivided into two large classes: those whose heart coincide with the entire hypergroup and those in which the heart is a proper sub-hypergroup. The latter class includes the family of 1-hypergroups, whose heart reduces to a singleton, and therefore is the trivial group. However, very little is known about hypergroups that are neither 1-hypergroups nor belong to the first class. The goal of this work is to take a first step in classifying G-hypergroups, that is, hypergroups whose heart is a nontrivial group. We introduce their main properties, with an emphasis on G-hypergroups whose the heart is a torsion group. We analyze the main properties of the stabilizers of group actions of the heart, which play an important role in the construction of multiplicative tables of G-hypergroups. Based on these results, we characterize the G-hypergroups that are of type U on the right or cogroups on the right. Finally, we present the hyperproduct tables of all G-hypergroups of size not larger than 5, apart of isomorphisms.

G-Hypergroups: Hypergroups with a Group-Isomorphic Heart

De Salvo M.;Lo Faro G
2022

Abstract

Hypergroups can be subdivided into two large classes: those whose heart coincide with the entire hypergroup and those in which the heart is a proper sub-hypergroup. The latter class includes the family of 1-hypergroups, whose heart reduces to a singleton, and therefore is the trivial group. However, very little is known about hypergroups that are neither 1-hypergroups nor belong to the first class. The goal of this work is to take a first step in classifying G-hypergroups, that is, hypergroups whose heart is a nontrivial group. We introduce their main properties, with an emphasis on G-hypergroups whose the heart is a torsion group. We analyze the main properties of the stabilizers of group actions of the heart, which play an important role in the construction of multiplicative tables of G-hypergroups. Based on these results, we characterize the G-hypergroups that are of type U on the right or cogroups on the right. Finally, we present the hyperproduct tables of all G-hypergroups of size not larger than 5, apart of isomorphisms.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11570/3220423
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