Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) comprises a group of disorders, in particular Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), characterized by chronic inflammation affecting the gas-trointestinal tract. The treatment of these conditions is primarily based on anti-inflammatory drugs, although the use of biological drugs with lower side effects quickly increased in the last decade. How-ever, the presence of certain polymorphisms in the population may determine a different outcome in response to therapy, reflecting the heterogeneity of the efficacy in patients. Considering that several studies showed important correlations between genetic polymorphisms and response to biological treatments in IBD patients, this systematic review aims to summarize the pharmacogenetics of biologicals approved for IBD, thus highlighting a possible association between some polymorphisms and drug response. With this purpose, we reviewed PubMed papers published over the past 21 years (2000–2021), using as the search term “drug name and IBD or CD or UC and polymorphisms” to underline the role of pharmacogenetic tests in approaching the disease with a targeted therapy.

Pharmacogenetics of biological agents used in inflammatory bowel disease: A systematic review

Lauro R.
Primo
;
Mannino F.
Secondo
;
Irrera N.;Squadrito F.;Altavilla D.;Squadrito G.;Pallio G.
;
Bitto A.
Ultimo
2021-01-01

Abstract

Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) comprises a group of disorders, in particular Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), characterized by chronic inflammation affecting the gas-trointestinal tract. The treatment of these conditions is primarily based on anti-inflammatory drugs, although the use of biological drugs with lower side effects quickly increased in the last decade. How-ever, the presence of certain polymorphisms in the population may determine a different outcome in response to therapy, reflecting the heterogeneity of the efficacy in patients. Considering that several studies showed important correlations between genetic polymorphisms and response to biological treatments in IBD patients, this systematic review aims to summarize the pharmacogenetics of biologicals approved for IBD, thus highlighting a possible association between some polymorphisms and drug response. With this purpose, we reviewed PubMed papers published over the past 21 years (2000–2021), using as the search term “drug name and IBD or CD or UC and polymorphisms” to underline the role of pharmacogenetic tests in approaching the disease with a targeted therapy.
2021
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3221162
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