Introduction: In this review, the authors discuss the role of long-acting injectable antipsychotics (LAIs) for schizophrenia, focusing on the effectiveness and new perspectives introduced by such treatment strategy. Despite their promising pharmacokinetic features and their potential advantages in medication adherence, clinical outcomes, and medical costs, LAIs are not habitually presented as an option for patients, especially in the early phase of schizophrenia. Areas covered: This review explores the panorama of available LAIs for the treatment of schizophrenia, first-episode of psychosis, approved indications, medical costs, medication adherence, side effects, effectiveness and differences between first-generation (FGA)-LAIs and second-generation (SGA)-LAIs. Expert Opinion: LAIs differ in terms of specific indications, approved injection sites, needle size, injection volume, injection interval as well as potential drug–drug interactions, and commonly reported adverse reactions. The approved indications have expanded beyond schizophrenia to include bipolar and schizoaffective disorder. SGA-LAIs are often preferred to FGA-LAIs. FGA-LAIs although are less chosen in new patients due to the induction of cognitive and extrapyramidal side effects, even if, on the other hand, many SGA-LAIs are burden by hyperprolactinemia and weight gain. After a review of the available evidence, insight is provided into the potential and current therapeutic opportunities offered by LAI antipsychotic formulations.

Current and emerging long-acting antipsychotics for the treatment of schizophrenia

Cedro C.;Bruno A.;Zoccali R. A.;Muscatello M. R. A.
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

Introduction: In this review, the authors discuss the role of long-acting injectable antipsychotics (LAIs) for schizophrenia, focusing on the effectiveness and new perspectives introduced by such treatment strategy. Despite their promising pharmacokinetic features and their potential advantages in medication adherence, clinical outcomes, and medical costs, LAIs are not habitually presented as an option for patients, especially in the early phase of schizophrenia. Areas covered: This review explores the panorama of available LAIs for the treatment of schizophrenia, first-episode of psychosis, approved indications, medical costs, medication adherence, side effects, effectiveness and differences between first-generation (FGA)-LAIs and second-generation (SGA)-LAIs. Expert Opinion: LAIs differ in terms of specific indications, approved injection sites, needle size, injection volume, injection interval as well as potential drug–drug interactions, and commonly reported adverse reactions. The approved indications have expanded beyond schizophrenia to include bipolar and schizoaffective disorder. SGA-LAIs are often preferred to FGA-LAIs. FGA-LAIs although are less chosen in new patients due to the induction of cognitive and extrapyramidal side effects, even if, on the other hand, many SGA-LAIs are burden by hyperprolactinemia and weight gain. After a review of the available evidence, insight is provided into the potential and current therapeutic opportunities offered by LAI antipsychotic formulations.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3225324
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