Background and aims: Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a novel inflammatory biomarker strongly associated with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). Our aim was to evaluate the role of NLR on pulse wave velocity (PWV) after adding-on proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 inhibitor (PCSK9-i) in familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) subjects with ASCVD. Methods and results: In this prospective observational study, we evaluated 45 FH subjects with ASCVD on high-intensity statins plus ezetimibe and with an off-target LDL-C. Study population was divided into two groups according to the mean value of NLR. All patients received PCSK9-i therapy and obtained biochemical analysis as well as PWV evaluation at baseline and after six months of PCSK9-i. After six months of add-on PCSK9-i therapy, a significant reduction of TC, LDL-C, Non-HDL-C, Lp(a) and ApoB plasma levels was observed in the two groups; while low-NLR group exhibited a significant PWV reduction after six-month therapy with PCSK9-i (Δ −16.2%, p < 0.05), no significant changes in PWV were observed in the high-NLR group. Conclusions: Only FH subjects with low-NLR experienced a significant reduction of PWV after PCSK9-i. Our findings suggest a role of NLR in predicting PCSK9-i effect in FH subjects with ASCVD.

Impact of high neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio on the cardiovascular benefit of PCSK9 inhibitors in familial hypercholesterolemia subjects with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease: Real-world data from two lipid units

Mandraffino G.
Co-primo
;
Scuruchi M.;Squadrito G.;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Background and aims: Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a novel inflammatory biomarker strongly associated with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). Our aim was to evaluate the role of NLR on pulse wave velocity (PWV) after adding-on proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 inhibitor (PCSK9-i) in familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) subjects with ASCVD. Methods and results: In this prospective observational study, we evaluated 45 FH subjects with ASCVD on high-intensity statins plus ezetimibe and with an off-target LDL-C. Study population was divided into two groups according to the mean value of NLR. All patients received PCSK9-i therapy and obtained biochemical analysis as well as PWV evaluation at baseline and after six months of PCSK9-i. After six months of add-on PCSK9-i therapy, a significant reduction of TC, LDL-C, Non-HDL-C, Lp(a) and ApoB plasma levels was observed in the two groups; while low-NLR group exhibited a significant PWV reduction after six-month therapy with PCSK9-i (Δ −16.2%, p < 0.05), no significant changes in PWV were observed in the high-NLR group. Conclusions: Only FH subjects with low-NLR experienced a significant reduction of PWV after PCSK9-i. Our findings suggest a role of NLR in predicting PCSK9-i effect in FH subjects with ASCVD.
2021
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3225426
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