Bevacizumab, a VEGF-targeting monoclonal antibody, may trigger an infiltrative growth pattern in glioblastoma. We investigated this pattern using both a human specimen and rat models. In the human specimen, a substantial fraction of infiltrating tumor cells were located along perivascular spaces in close relationship with endothelial cells. Brain xenografts of U87MG cells treated with bevacizumab were smaller than controls (p = 0.0055; Student t-test), however, bands of tumor cells spread through the brain farther than controls (p < 0.001; Student t-test). Infiltrating tumor Cells exhibited tropism for vascular structures and propensity to form tubules and niches with endothelial cells. Molecularly, bevacizumab triggered an epithelial to mesenchymal transition with over-expression of the receptor Plexin Domain Containing 1 (PLXDC1). These results were validated using brain xenografts of patient-derived glioma stem-like cells. Enforced expression of PLXDC1 in U87MG cells promoted brain infiltration along perivascular spaces. Importantly, PLXDC1 inhibition prevented perivascular infiltration and significantly increased the survival of bevacizumab-treated rats. Our study indicates that bevacizumab-induced brain infiltration is driven by vascular endothelium and depends on PLXDC1 activation of tumor cells.

Glioblastoma endothelium drives bevacizumab-induced infiltrative growth via modulation of PLXDC1

Martini, Maurizio;
2019-01-01

Abstract

Bevacizumab, a VEGF-targeting monoclonal antibody, may trigger an infiltrative growth pattern in glioblastoma. We investigated this pattern using both a human specimen and rat models. In the human specimen, a substantial fraction of infiltrating tumor cells were located along perivascular spaces in close relationship with endothelial cells. Brain xenografts of U87MG cells treated with bevacizumab were smaller than controls (p = 0.0055; Student t-test), however, bands of tumor cells spread through the brain farther than controls (p < 0.001; Student t-test). Infiltrating tumor Cells exhibited tropism for vascular structures and propensity to form tubules and niches with endothelial cells. Molecularly, bevacizumab triggered an epithelial to mesenchymal transition with over-expression of the receptor Plexin Domain Containing 1 (PLXDC1). These results were validated using brain xenografts of patient-derived glioma stem-like cells. Enforced expression of PLXDC1 in U87MG cells promoted brain infiltration along perivascular spaces. Importantly, PLXDC1 inhibition prevented perivascular infiltration and significantly increased the survival of bevacizumab-treated rats. Our study indicates that bevacizumab-induced brain infiltration is driven by vascular endothelium and depends on PLXDC1 activation of tumor cells.
2019
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Intl Journal of Cancer - 2018 - Falchetti - Glioblastoma endothelium drives bevacizumab‐induced infiltrative growth via.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Versione Editoriale (PDF)
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 4.49 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
4.49 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3231472
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 16
  • Scopus 22
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 21
social impact