he present paper represents the first description of abnormal hermaphroditism in Galeus melastomus (Rafinesque, 1810). The black mouth cat shark specimen, collected in summer from southern Tyrrhenian Sea at the entrance of Salerno gulf, showed a basic intersexuality characterized by the presence of male secondary and female primary sexual characters. The reproductive system has been described with an accurate morphological analysis, also including a histological assessment of oocytes. Results showed the presence of only right clasper, not exceeding the pelvic fin in length, with the absence of internal males’ sexual organs. Concerning the female primary characters, the analysis of histological assessment showed the structure of mature oocyte, confirming the maturity stage of a mature female in active extruding stage, as highlighted by the macroscopic morphological analysis. Despite in many marine organisms’ hermaphroditism is a physiological condition showed by specimens during their lifecycle, in Elasmobranchs this is considered an abnormal condition, with some exceptions. The lack of information on hermaphroditism in elasmobranchs form the Mediterranean Sea requires an increase of scientific community’s attention, improving the knowledge on the reproductive biology of this sensitive taxon. This is essential to enhance the conservation of elasmobranchs populations in the entire Mediterranean basin.

Basic Intersexuality (Abnormal Hermaphroditism) in the Blackmouth Catshark, Galeus melastomus, (Rafinesque, 1810), from the Southern Tyrrhenian Sea (Central Mediterranean Sea)

Claudio D'Iglio
Primo
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Marco Albano
Secondo
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Sergio Famulari
Software
;
Nunziacarla Spano
Supervision
;
Serena Savoca
Penultimo
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Gioele Capillo
Ultimo
Writing – Review & Editing
2022

Abstract

he present paper represents the first description of abnormal hermaphroditism in Galeus melastomus (Rafinesque, 1810). The black mouth cat shark specimen, collected in summer from southern Tyrrhenian Sea at the entrance of Salerno gulf, showed a basic intersexuality characterized by the presence of male secondary and female primary sexual characters. The reproductive system has been described with an accurate morphological analysis, also including a histological assessment of oocytes. Results showed the presence of only right clasper, not exceeding the pelvic fin in length, with the absence of internal males’ sexual organs. Concerning the female primary characters, the analysis of histological assessment showed the structure of mature oocyte, confirming the maturity stage of a mature female in active extruding stage, as highlighted by the macroscopic morphological analysis. Despite in many marine organisms’ hermaphroditism is a physiological condition showed by specimens during their lifecycle, in Elasmobranchs this is considered an abnormal condition, with some exceptions. The lack of information on hermaphroditism in elasmobranchs form the Mediterranean Sea requires an increase of scientific community’s attention, improving the knowledge on the reproductive biology of this sensitive taxon. This is essential to enhance the conservation of elasmobranchs populations in the entire Mediterranean basin.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3233488
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