The HSV-1 tegument protein Us11 counteracts the antiviral defense mechanisms by precluding the host protein shutoff. Previous works demonstrated that Us11 prevents heat-and staurosporine-induced apoptosis and inhibits autophagy. Therefore, in the present study, we investigated the hypothesis that HSV-1, through Us11, could recruit caspase-8, a key enzyme regulating programmed cell death. We first show that HSV-1 promotes the accumulation of caspase-8-p18 active fragments in both semi permissive THP-1 cells and fully permissive HEp-2 cells to HSV-1 replication. Using a recombinant virus R3630 (ΔUs11/ΔUs12) and a plasmid encoding Us11-recombinant protein we have proven that Us11 promotes p18 accumulation, which does not trigger the apoptotic signaling. Additional, in an in vitro model, we demonstrated that Us11-recombinant protein induces caspase-8-p18 cleavage by physically interacting with the caspase-8 recombinant protein. Finally, we found that, during HSV-1 replication, activated-caspase-8 cleaves Atg3 protein to potentially block autophagy and support its replication.

Direct cleavage of caspase-8 by herpes simplex virus 1 tegument protein US11

Musarra-Pizzo, Maria
;
Pennisi, Rosamaria
Co-primo
;
Lombardo, Daniele;Velletri, Tania;Sciortino, Maria Teresa
2022

Abstract

The HSV-1 tegument protein Us11 counteracts the antiviral defense mechanisms by precluding the host protein shutoff. Previous works demonstrated that Us11 prevents heat-and staurosporine-induced apoptosis and inhibits autophagy. Therefore, in the present study, we investigated the hypothesis that HSV-1, through Us11, could recruit caspase-8, a key enzyme regulating programmed cell death. We first show that HSV-1 promotes the accumulation of caspase-8-p18 active fragments in both semi permissive THP-1 cells and fully permissive HEp-2 cells to HSV-1 replication. Using a recombinant virus R3630 (ΔUs11/ΔUs12) and a plasmid encoding Us11-recombinant protein we have proven that Us11 promotes p18 accumulation, which does not trigger the apoptotic signaling. Additional, in an in vitro model, we demonstrated that Us11-recombinant protein induces caspase-8-p18 cleavage by physically interacting with the caspase-8 recombinant protein. Finally, we found that, during HSV-1 replication, activated-caspase-8 cleaves Atg3 protein to potentially block autophagy and support its replication.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3237648
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