Purpose: The incidence of thyroid carcinoma has increased globally in the past years. Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is the most frequent neoplasm of the thyroid gland comprehending the 90% of the thyroid carcinoma and has an indolent clinical behaviour. However, some variants of follicular cell-derived thyroid carcinoma, including variants of classic of PTC, have been identified that show a more aggressive biological behaviour. An accurate diagnosis of these entities is crucial for planning a more aggressive treatment and improving patients’ prognosis of patients. The aim of this review is to present the main clinical, histological, and molecular features of aggressive variants of follicular cell-derived thyroid carcinoma, and to provide useful histological parameters for determining the most suitable therapeutic strategy for patients affected by these forms. Results: Variants of classic PTC such as the diffuse sclerosing variant (DSV), the tall cell variant (TCV), the columnar cell variant (CCV), the solid/trabecular variant (STV) and the hobnail variant (HV), and other variants of follicular cell-derived thyroid carcinoma, such as poorly differentiated thyroid carcinoma (PDTC), and anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC), are associated with aggressive behaviour. Conclusions: The correct identification and diagnosis of aggressive variants of follicular cell-derived thyroid carcinoma is important, as they allow the clinician to adopt the most refined therapeutic strategies in order to the survival of the patients.

Aggressive variants of follicular cell-derived thyroid carcinoma: an overview

Pizzimenti C.
Primo
;
Fiorentino V.;Ieni A.;Martini M.;Tuccari G.;Lentini M.;Fadda G.
Ultimo
2022-01-01

Abstract

Purpose: The incidence of thyroid carcinoma has increased globally in the past years. Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is the most frequent neoplasm of the thyroid gland comprehending the 90% of the thyroid carcinoma and has an indolent clinical behaviour. However, some variants of follicular cell-derived thyroid carcinoma, including variants of classic of PTC, have been identified that show a more aggressive biological behaviour. An accurate diagnosis of these entities is crucial for planning a more aggressive treatment and improving patients’ prognosis of patients. The aim of this review is to present the main clinical, histological, and molecular features of aggressive variants of follicular cell-derived thyroid carcinoma, and to provide useful histological parameters for determining the most suitable therapeutic strategy for patients affected by these forms. Results: Variants of classic PTC such as the diffuse sclerosing variant (DSV), the tall cell variant (TCV), the columnar cell variant (CCV), the solid/trabecular variant (STV) and the hobnail variant (HV), and other variants of follicular cell-derived thyroid carcinoma, such as poorly differentiated thyroid carcinoma (PDTC), and anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC), are associated with aggressive behaviour. Conclusions: The correct identification and diagnosis of aggressive variants of follicular cell-derived thyroid carcinoma is important, as they allow the clinician to adopt the most refined therapeutic strategies in order to the survival of the patients.
2022
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3239252
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