During their lifespan, red blood cells (RBCs) are exposed to a large number of stressors and are therefore considered as a suitable model to investigate cell response to oxidative stress (OS). This study was conducted to evaluate the potential beneficial effects of the natural antioxidant quercetin (Q) on an OS model represented by human RBCs treated with H2O2. Markers of OS, including % hemolysis, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) levels, oxidation of protein sulfhydryl groups, CD47 and B3p expression, methemoglobin formation (% MetHb), as well as the anion exchange capability through Band 3 protein (B3p) have been analyzed in RBCs treated for 1 h with 20 mM H2O2 with or without pre-treatment for 1 h with 10 μM Q, or in RBCs pre-treated with 20 mM H2O2 and then exposed to 10 µM Q. The results show that pre-treatment with Q is more effective than post-treatment to counteract OS in RBCs. In particular, pre-exposure to Q avoided morphological alterations (formation of acanthocytes), prevented H2O2-induced OS damage, and restored the abnormal distribution of B3p and CD47 expression. Moreover, H2O2 exposure was associated with a decreased rate constant of SO42⁻ uptake via B3p, as well as an increased MetHb formation. Both alterations have been attenuated by pre-treatment with 10 μM Q. These results contribute 1) to elucidate OS-related events in human RBCs, 2) propose Q as natural antioxidant to counteract OS-related alterations, and 3) identify B3p as a possible target for the treatment and prevention of OS-related disease conditions or aging-related complications impacting on RBCs physiology.

Antioxidant Activity of Quercetin in a H2O2-Induced Oxidative Stress Model in Red Blood Cells: Functional Role of Band 3 Protein

Alessia Remigante
Primo
;
Sara Spinelli;Angela Marino
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Rossana Morabito
Supervision
2022

Abstract

During their lifespan, red blood cells (RBCs) are exposed to a large number of stressors and are therefore considered as a suitable model to investigate cell response to oxidative stress (OS). This study was conducted to evaluate the potential beneficial effects of the natural antioxidant quercetin (Q) on an OS model represented by human RBCs treated with H2O2. Markers of OS, including % hemolysis, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) levels, oxidation of protein sulfhydryl groups, CD47 and B3p expression, methemoglobin formation (% MetHb), as well as the anion exchange capability through Band 3 protein (B3p) have been analyzed in RBCs treated for 1 h with 20 mM H2O2 with or without pre-treatment for 1 h with 10 μM Q, or in RBCs pre-treated with 20 mM H2O2 and then exposed to 10 µM Q. The results show that pre-treatment with Q is more effective than post-treatment to counteract OS in RBCs. In particular, pre-exposure to Q avoided morphological alterations (formation of acanthocytes), prevented H2O2-induced OS damage, and restored the abnormal distribution of B3p and CD47 expression. Moreover, H2O2 exposure was associated with a decreased rate constant of SO42⁻ uptake via B3p, as well as an increased MetHb formation. Both alterations have been attenuated by pre-treatment with 10 μM Q. These results contribute 1) to elucidate OS-related events in human RBCs, 2) propose Q as natural antioxidant to counteract OS-related alterations, and 3) identify B3p as a possible target for the treatment and prevention of OS-related disease conditions or aging-related complications impacting on RBCs physiology.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3239776
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